Skill India is a campaign launched by Prime Minister Narendra Damodardas Modi on 15th July 2015 which aim to train over 40 crore people in India in different skills by 2022. It includes various initiatives of the government like "National Skill Development Mission", "National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015", "Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)" and the "Skill Loan scheme".

The National Skill Development Mission was approved by the Union Cabinet on 01.07.2015, and officially launched by the Hon’ble Prime Minister on 15.07.2015 on the occasion of World Youth Skills Day. The Mission has been developed to create convergence across sectors and States in terms of skill training activities. Further, to achieve the vision of ‘Skilled India’, the National Skill Development Mission would not only consolidate and coordinate skilling efforts, but also expedite decision making across sectors to achieve skilling at scale with speed and standards. It will be implemented through a streamlined institutional mechanism driven by Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE). Key institutional mechanisms for achieving the objectives of the Mission have been divided into three tiers, which will consist of a Governing Council for policy guidance at apex level, a Steering Committee and a Mission Directorate (along with an Executive Committee) as the executive arm of the Mission. Mission Directorate will be supported by three other institutions: National Skill Development Agency (NSDA), National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), and Directorate General of Training (DGT) – all of which will have horizontal linkages with Mission Directorate to facilitate smooth functioning of the national institutional mechanism. Seven sub-missions have been proposed initially to act as building blocks for achieving overall objectives of the Mission. They are:

(i) Institutional Training, (ii) Infrastructure, (iii) Convergence, (iv) Trainers, (v) Overseas Employment, (vi) Sustainable Livelihoods, (vii) Leveraging Public Infrastructure.

Objectives of ‘Skill India’

1. Create an end-to-end implementation framework for skill development, which provides opportunities for life-long learning. This includes: incorporation of skilling in the school curriculum, providing opportunities for quality long and short-term skill training, by providing gainful employment and ensuring career progression that meets the aspirations of trainees.

2. Align employer/industry demand and workforce productivity with trainees’ aspirations for sustainable livelihoods, by creating a framework for outcome - focused training.

3. Establish and enforce cross-sectoral, nationally and internationally acceptable standards for skill training in the country by creating a sound quality assurance framework for skilling, applicable to all Ministries, States and private training providers.

4 Build capacity for skill development in critical un-organized sectors (such as the construction sector, where there few opportunities for skill training) and provide pathways for re-skilling and up-skilling workers in these identified sectors, to enable them to transition into formal sector employment.

5. Ensure sufficient, high quality options for long-term skilling, benchmarked to internationally acceptable qualification standards, which will ultimately contribute to the creation of a highly skilled workforce.

6.  Develop a network of quality instructors/trainers in the skill development ecosystem by establishing high quality teacher training institutions.

7.  Leverage existing public infrastructure and industry facilities for scaling up skill training and capacity building efforts.

8.  Offer a passage for overseas employment through specific programmes mapped to global job requirements and benchmarked to international standards.

9.  Enable pathways for transitioning between the vocational training system and the formal education system, through a credit transfer system.

10. Promote convergence and co-ordination between skill development efforts of all Central Ministries/Departments/States/implementing agencies.

11. Support weaker and disadvantaged sections of society through focused outreach programmes and targeted skill development activities.

12.  Propagate aspirational value of skilling among youth, by creating social awareness on value of skill training.

13.  Maintain a national database, known as the Labour Market Information System (LMIS), which will act as a portal for matching the demand and supply of skilled workforce in the country. The LMIS, will on the one hand provide citizens with vital information on skilling initiatives across the country. On the other, it will also serve as a platform for monitoring the performance of existing skill development programmes, running in every Indian state.

Features of ‘Skill India’

·  The emphasis is to skill the youths in such a way so that they get employment and also improve entrepreneurship.

·   Provides training, support and guidance for all occupations that were of traditional type like carpenters, cobblers, welders, blacksmiths, masons, nurses, tailors, weavers etc.

· More emphasis will be given on new areas like real estate, construction, transportation, textile, gem industry, jewellery designing, banking, tourism and various other sectors, where skill development is inadequate or nil.

· The training programmes would be on the lines of international level so that the youths of our country can not only meet the domestic demands but also of other countries like the US, Japan, China, Germany, Russia and those in the West Asia.

· Another remarkable feature of the ‘Skill India’ programme would be to create a hallmark called ‘Rural India Skill’, so as to standardise and certify the training process.

· Tailor-made, need-based programmes would be initiated for specific age groups which can be like language and communication skills, life and positive thinking skills, personality development skills, management skills, behavioural skills, including job and employability skills.

· The course methodology of ‘Skill India’ would be innovative, which would include games, group discussions, brainstorming sessions, practical experiences, case studies etc.

How is it different from the previous skill development policies?

It’s not that we do not have any skill development programme already. The Government of India has always considered skill development as a national priority. It is just that since the ministry is new, the approach taken for skill development is also new. Earlier, the emphasis was on traditional jobs. But this time, all kinds of jobs will be given equal emphasis. Earlier, the responsibility was divided among various ministries, but this time, these are being clubbed together. The ministry of skill development and entrepreneurship will be the principal ministry which is going to coordinate with other ministries and organisations.

Here, youth who are jobless, college and school dropouts, along with the educated ones, from rural and urban areas, all will be given value addition. The new ministry will be the certifying agency. Certificates will be issued to those who complete a particular skill or programme and this certificate has to be recognized by all public and private agencies and entities, including overseas organisations. Skill India is a programme for the entire nation.

Skills covered by Skill India

Agriculture: including floriculture, horticulture and all related branches.

Automotive: for all technologies related to motor vehicles, from concept and design to manufacture and maintenance.

Beauty and wellness: every skill required to provide body and beauty treatments to all sections of the Indian society.

Banking, Finance, Stocks and Insurance: development of skills to get employment in the financial sectors of India. These skills also promote entrepreneurship. This is a further boost to ‘Pradhan Mantri Dhan Jan Yojana’ for financial literacy and its related projects.

Capital goods: provides training on all aspect of design, development, manufacture and maintenance of capital goods such as machinery and equipment for home, office and industry.
Construction: for design to construction of all civil, industrial and military infrastructures such as buildings and complexes, bridges and subways among others.

Electronics: skills needed for designing, manufacture and maintenance of vital electronic equipment for home, office, industry and military.

Gem and jewelry: keeping in mind the huge domestic and international demand for Indian designed and made jewelry. Skills also include cutting, polishing and certification of gemstones.

Healthcare: primarily focused on providing healthcare at home and hospitals. Focus sectors and women and children, basic healthcare too.

Plumbing: for learning skills vital to providing sanitation and hygiene in all parts of India. These skills are required for ongoing ‘Swacch Bharat’ movement.

IT and ITES: courses will focus on further boosting the IT infrastructure of India, IT exports and IT enabled services, call center and related training. Extremely important skills for Smart Cities and e-government projects as well as move to cashless economy.

Leather: as leading exporter of leather and its products, these skills are being imparted at places known for its leather industries.

Media and entertainment: aimed at keeping the nation well informed with news. Skills in this sector also involve production of high quality media for educational purposes and entertainment.

Retailing: vital skills to sustain the boom of India’s e-retailing and physical retail for goods made under ‘Make In India’.

Rubber: with North East states coming under focus, rubber production is expected to boom. Skills involve everything from rubber tapping, synthetic rubber and production of high quality rubber products.

Security: skills vital to start your own security company or work in military, para-military forces and police. Security skill is key to defend the country against wanton acts of terrorism sponsored by hostile neighbors.

Telecom: India has a booming telecom sector with over half a dozen mobile services providers and two state-owned telecom companies. Skills needed to keep the telecom sector flourishing and boost connectivity with remote parts of India.

Who can avail training courses under Skill India

All Skill India training courses are open to every citizen of this country, regardless of age, gender and location. Though primary focus is on youth, women and men within the working age range can also undergo training, subject to qualifications.

These qualifications include working knowledge of some industry and literacy. Skill India courses are available in various Indian languages, in a bid to deliver benefits to all ethnic groups of the country.

In addition, Skill India courses can also be availed by

· Self Help Groups- General Category
·  Self Help Groups- Women
· Economically challenged sections of the Indian society
· Organizations battling child labor in India

Trainers for Skill India and opportunities

Trainers in any sector covered by Skill India are welcomed by the Indian government. They can contact any of the Skill India related websites online and file applications. Trainers are selected purely on merit basis.

Remuneration paid varies according to the ministry and partner organizations conducting courses. Entrepreneurs are invited to tie-up with various ministries to offer training courses under Skill India.

Institutional Mechanisms

There will be a National Skill Development Mission at the Centre to steer, drive and execute the Mission’s objectives. Key institutional mechanisms for achieving the objectives of the Mission have been divided into three tiers. The Mission will consist of a Governing Council at apex level, a Steering Committee and a Mission Directorate (along with an Executive Committee) as the executive arm of the Mission.

Mission Directorate will be supported by three other institutions: National Skill Development Agency (NSDA), National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), and Directorate General of Training (DGT) – all of which will have linkages with Mission Directorate to facilitate smooth functioning of the national institutional mechanism. These three agencies would continue to lie under the umbrella of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.

At State level, States will be encouraged to create State Skill Development Missions (SSDM) along the lines of National Skill Development Mission with a Steering Committee and Mission Directorate at State level. States will in turn, be supported by District Committees at the functional tier.

Mission Governing Council at Apex level will be headed by Hon’ble Prime Minister.

Constitution of the Governing Council is as follows:

· Chair: Prime Minister
· Union Ministers from MoF, MSDE, MHRD, MoRD, MoLE, MSME, MoA, M/o Overseas Affairs, M/o Information Technology, M/o HUPA
·Deputy Chairman, NITI Aayog
·Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister
·Cabinet Secretary
·Secretary, MSDE (as Member Secretary)
·3 members from industry/academia as determined by Governing Council
·3 State Chief Ministers as determined by Governing Council, on rotation basis

In addition, Governing Council may also invite other CMs, other Union Ministers and relevant persons from academia and industry, depending on the agenda for discussion.

Functions of Governing Council

Chair: Prime Minister

·Provide overall guidance and policy direction.
·Decide on Sub-Missions in high priority areas.
·Review overall progress and development of Mission activities
·Overlook convergence of all skill development initiatives/schemes across Central Ministries/Departments with Mission objectives.

Steering Committee

A Steering Committee, chaired by Minister in charge of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship will be responsible for ensuring that implementation of Mission activities is done as per policies and decisions laid down by Governing Council. Secretary, Skill Development and Entrepreneurship will be Member Secretary of the Steering Committee. It will also consist of Secretaries of M/o Finance, M/o Rural Development, M/o Labour and Employment, M/o MSME, M/o Agriculture, M/o Human Resource Development, M/o Overseas Affairs, M/o HUPA and M/o Information Technology which are running large scale skill training programmes across the country.

Composition of Steering Committee

·Chair: Minister, MSDE

·Secretaries of:M/o Finance M/o Rural Development, M/o Labour and Employment M/o MSME M/o Agriculture M/o HRD M/o Overseas Affairs  M/o HUPA M/o Information

Functions of Steering Committee:

Chair: Minister, MSDE

·Ensure implementation as per Governing Council direction.
·Set targets and approve annual Mission Plan.
·Review overall progress of Mission activities on a quarterly basis.

Mission Directorate

Mission Directorate will have an Executive Committee, chaired by Secretary, Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, who will also act as Mission Director. Joint Secretaries of M/o Finance, M/o Rural Development, M/o Labour and Employment, M/o MSME, M/o Agriculture, M/o Human Resource Development, M/o Overseas Affairs, M/o HUPA and M/o Information Technology would be Members of the Executive Committee. Five Secretaries from the States handling skills department / ministry in the state on a rotational basis, will be members as well. Further, DG NSDA, MD NSDC, and DG (Training) would also be members. A Joint Secretary, nominated by Mission Director will act as Member Secretary of the Executive Committee. Joint Secretaries from relevant Central Ministries / Departments which have initiated new skill development programmes will automatically become members of Executive Committee in order to ensure convergence of individual/sector specific goals with national and Mission objectives. Executive Committee willmeeton amonthly basis. Mission Directorate, with Secretary, MSDE as Mission Director will support Executive Committee.

Members of the Executive Committee

·Chair: Secretary, MSDE

·Joint Secretaries of: M/o Finance M/o Rural Development M/o Labour and Employment M/o MSME M/o Agriculture M/o HRD M/o Overseas Affairs M/o HUPA M/o Information Technology

Functions of Executive committee are as follows:

·To resolve all inter-departmental execution issues.

·Set annual targets for all sub-missions, which will be created in areas requiring significant focus on an immediate basis in the skill landscape. Currently, seven sub-missions have been identified. The same can be added/reduced as per changing skill requirements of the country.

·Converge skilling activities across all sectors with national Mission objectives and skill gap findings.

Functions of Mission Directorate are as follows:

·To implement and monitor Mission activities at a national level. Mission Directorate will be supported by the administrative and financial wing of MSDE.

·To coordinate implementation of all decisions of Governing Council and Steering Committee.

·The power of allocation /re-allocation of resources to States / implementing agencies, as well as approval of their Annual Action Plans, will fall within the purview of Mission Directorate.

·To ensure uniformity in quality, certification, norms of training, curriculum content, Aadhaar seeding, leveraging Jan Dhan accounts and social security schemes etc across all skill development programmes being implemented by all Ministries / departments.

·Coordinate and converge State efforts in order to align them with the broad national objectives outlined in the National Action Plan.

·Coordinate efforts and monitor performance of individual Sub-Missions, headed by their respective CEOs, to provide end-to-end solutions towards achieving the objectives of Sub-Missions.

·Create tie-ups with institutions worldwide to facilitate information sharing.

·Any other work assigned by Governing Council or Steering Committee.

Functions of Mission Directorate

(Executive Committee) Chair: Secretary, MSDE

·Implement, monitor Mission activities.

·Coordinate implementation of Governing Council & Steering Committee decisions.

·Coordinate State efforts and submissions

·Coordinate Sub—Missions.

State Level

States will be encouraged to create State Skill Development Missions (SSDM) along the same lines as National Skill Development Mission structure. Many States have already established SSDMs and others have started moving in this direction. A model framework would be circulated for customized adoption by States.

The organizational structure of the State Skill Development Mission is to be decided by the respective States. It is however desirable that the highest body looking after the Development Mission is sufficiently empowered. National Mission will work towards empowering State Missions through financial and technical support.


The implementation of skilling activities under the Mission will be as per the budget provisions of various schemes under their respective heads of account. The administrative expenses of the Mission will be borne from the budget of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship. The IFD of the Ministry will function as the finance wing of the Mission. The administrative support to the Mission will be provided by the Ministry.

Schemes for Skill Development:

·Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)

Approved for another four years (2016-2020) to benefit 10 million youth

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE). The objective of this Skill Certification Scheme is to enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood. Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will also be assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL). Under this Scheme, Training and Assessment fees are completely paid by the Government.

Key Components of the Scheme:

1. Short Term Training

The Short Term Training imparted at PMKVY Training Centres (TCs) is expected to benefit candidates of Indian nationality who are either school/college dropouts or unemployed. Apart from providing training according to the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF), TCs shall also impart training in Soft Skills, Entrepreneurship, Financial and Digital Literacy. Duration of the training varies per job role, ranging between 150 and 300 hours. Upon successful completion of their assessment, candidates shall be provided placement assistance by Training Partners (TPs). Under PMKVY, the entire training and assessment fees are paid by the Government. Payouts shall be provided to the TPs in alignment with the Common Norms. Trainings imparted under the Short Term Training component of the Scheme shall be NSQF Level 5 and below.

2. Recognition of Prior Learning

Individuals with prior learning experience or skills shall be assessed and certified under the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) component of the Scheme. RPL aims to align the competencies of the unregulated workforce of the country to the NSQF. Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs), such as Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) or any other agencies designated by MSDE/NSDC, shall be incentivized to implement RPL projects in any of the three Project Types (RPL Camps, RPL at Employers Premises and RPL centres). To address knowledge gaps, PIAs may offer Bridge Courses to RPL candidates.

3. Special Projects

The Special Projects component of PMKVY envisages the creation of a platform that will facilitate trainings in special areas and/or premises of Government bodies, Corporates or Industry bodies, and trainings in special job roles not defined under the available Qualification Packs (QPs)/National Occupational Standards (NOSs). Special Projects are projects that require some deviation from the terms and conditions of Short Term Training under PMKVY for any stakeholder. A proposing stakeholder can be either Government Institutions of Central and State Government(s)/Autonomous Body/Statutory Body or any other equivalent body or corporates who desire to provide training to candidates.

4. Kaushal and Rozgar Mela

Social and community mobilisation is extremely critical for the success of PMKVY. Active participation of the community ensures transparency and accountability, and helps in leveraging the cumulative knowledge of the community for better functioning. In line with this, PMKVY assigns special importance to the involvement of the target beneficiaries through a defined mobilisation process. TPs shall conduct Kaushal and Rozgar Melas every six months with press/media coverage; they are also required to participate actively in National Career Service Melas and on-ground activities.

5. Placement Guidelines

PMKVY envisages to link the aptitude, aspiration, and knowledge of the skilled workforce it creates with employment opportunities and demands in the market. Every effort thereby needs to be made by the PMKVY TCs to provide placement opportunities to candidates, trained and certified under the Scheme. TPs shall also provide support to entrepreneurship development.

6. Monitoring Guidelines

To ensure that high standards of quality are maintained by PMKVY TCs, NSDC and empaneled Inspection Agencies shall use various methodologies, such as self-audit reporting, call validations, surprise visits, and monitoring through the Skills Development ManagementSystem (SDMS). These methodologies shall be enhanced with the engagement of latest technologies.

The scheme will be implemented through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).

·Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP)


Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP) project aims to implement the mandate of the National Skill Development Mission (NSDM), which was launched on 15th July by Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, through its core sub-missions. The project will be implemented in mission mode through World Bank support and is aligned with the overall objectives of the NSDM. The main objectives of the project include strengthening institutional mechanisms at both national and state levels, building a pool of quality trainers and assessors, creating convergence among all skill training activities at the state level, establishing robust monitoring and evaluation system for skill training programs, providing access to skill training opportunities to the disadvantaged sections and most importantly supplement the Make in India initiative by catering to the skill requirements in relevant manufacturing sectors.

SANKALP is an outcome oriented project supported by World Bank. The project will focus on the overall skilling ecosystem covering both Central (MSDE, NSDA and NSDC) and State agencies, and outcomes will be measured through Disbursement Linked Indicators (DLIs) agreed between MSDE and the Bank. A DLI verification protocol has also been established to measure DLIs on a periodic basis.


Under SANKALP four key result areas have been identified viz: (i) Institutional Strengthening; (ii) Quality Assurance; (iii) Inclusion; and (iv) Expanding Skills through PPPs. The results shall be achieved in time bound manner by utilizing the project funding of $675 Mn (Rs. 4455 crore).

The project is funded by three major parts: (i) World Bank loan assistance of $ 500Mn (Rs. 3300 crore) under Program for Results (PforR) instrument which includes Program funding and Technical Assistance (TA); (ii) States’ contribution $100 Million (Rs. 660 crore); and (iii) Industry contribution of $75 Million (Rs. 495 crore). Project funding in nutshell is as under:

World Bank Loan
$500 Million(Rs. 3300 crore)
States leverage
$100 Million (Rs. 660 crore)
Industry leverage
$75 Million (Rs. 495 crore)

$675 Million(Rs. 4455 crore)

Project Components:

SANKALP has been designed to operationalize the sub-missions under the National Mission. The SANKALP program consists of four objectives: (i) Strengthened institutional mechanisms at National and State levels to guide planning, delivery and monitoring of market relevant training; (ii) Improved Quality and Market Relevance of SD programs; (iii) Improved access to and completion of skills training for female trainees and other disadvantaged groups; and (iv) Expanding skills training through private-public partnerships (PPPs).

SANKALP project has two broad components (1) National and (2) State component.

1. National Component: Outlay, Activities and Outcomes

A). Institutional development & Strengthening

Development of national architecture with robust supporting, regulatory and monitoring mechanisms is the need of the hour. The entire skill ecosystem shall benefit from investment in such architecture. The key component of this architecture and the provisions thereof in SANKALP are as under:

i) Setting up National Skill Certification Body

To put in place a mechanism for independent , standardized and credible skills assessment, a body for regulating skill assessment and certification system shall be set up (in all likelihood under some existing institution) . The Body shall:

      ·Set standards for examinations, assessments, and certifications.

·Empanel awarding and assessing bodies for assessment and certification of all training courses

·Manage a repository of skill certificates

ii) Set up unified National Accreditation board within NSDA

·Standardize registration and accreditation criteria for training providers & training centres for both long term and short term skill ecosystem.
·Quality differentiation through grading and progression pathways for institutes/ centres.

iii) Setting up National Skill Research Division within NSDA

To be established as an independent think tank to in the skills domain. Its key function will be to

·Analyze the labour market trends and inform policy action;

·Undertake impact evaluation of skill development programs,

·Provide policy inputs to the MSDE, NSDA, and other related bodies in skill development

iv) Strengthening NSDA

NSDA shall be strengthened for:

·Universalization of National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF)

·Operationalize credit framework for horizontal and vertical mobility of skilled candidates

·Strengthening of quality assurance process through operationalizing NQAF

·House the Accreditation and Certification Boards.

v) Development of Labour Market Information System (LMIS):

LMIS shall be developed as repository of all related data from central and state skill development programs.

Current LMIS has been developed as a single window displaying data repositories for 4 central ministries data on skill development. LMIS Phase II under SANKALP shall be built as an integrated platform with skill development data of 20+ ministries and all states. In addition it shall be a service platform offering a variety of services to the job seekers, employers, policy makers and researchers thereby matching spatial and temporal matching of demand and supply.

vi) Skill Development Management System (SDMS)

Meant for managing the Skill Eco-system of Skill India with respect to Schemes, target for every sector for every scheme, candidate lifecycle and scheme related disbursements. SDMS strengthening under SANKLP shall enable it to manage targets for the schemes, training types such as Short term training, RPL, Special projects, Creation and Management of Projects, SSC data smoothly for all short term skill development activities in the country. RFP already floated and is in finalisation stage.

vii) Kaushal Mart

Ensuring that skilling resources and reference material are readily to available skill seekers through verified content providers has been a persistent challenge in India’s skill Ecosystem.

Kaushal Mart shall be developed as a Skilling Resource Marketplace offering a credible platform for exchange of skilling resources of different kinds. They include Participant Handbooks, Facilitator Guides, Presentations, Videos, amongst others. NSDC is creating an enabling environment for all its stakeholders, by acting as a content aggregator, through this Skilling Resource Marketplace.

Content and resource material for over 1400 QPs shall be developed over 6 years.

viii) Takshila: National Portal for trainers

 This is being developed as National Portal for Trainers and Assessors, that shall manage the database and life-cycle of trainers and assessors. The platform would function as the central repository of information concerning skill development of Trainers and Assessors in the country. The portal shall provide varied information about training programs planned for trainers and assessors, including knowledge resources.

B). Entrepreneurship Development

Entrepreneurship can serve as both growth and employment engine. Bulk of current employment is being generated in small and nano enterprises and a bulk of them are in informal sector.

About 50 percent of the GDP was contributed by the informal sector providing livelihoods to 86 percent of the 470 million workers in the country1 .) Many programs are run by multiple ministries and departments to support entrepreneurship, however, entrepreneurship still fails to happen in rural and urban poor regions largely due to their incapability to access these programs.

Under SANKALP special emphasis is being laid on handholding through skill development, mentoring support infrastructure development so as to enable them to move towards formal sector and contribute positively towards India’s SANKALP aims at landscape mapping of informal sector and the enterprises therein. Training of over 2, 00,000 people on entrepreneurship and helping over 4000 such enterprises to scale up has also been planned under SANKALP.

C). Capacity Creation:
i) Skills Fund

A Skills Fund has been provisioned under SANKALP with an aim to set up industry lead and job oriented skill training institutions. It shall be set up as competitive challenge fund that shall provide verifiable and reliable use of grants (subject to maximum ceiling per project) for a long term, sustainable, impact at a local community/ province/ national level. Institutions thus set up shall help making skill training truly aspirational by focusing on “careers” in vocational space.

With a total outlay of $ 75 Mn (as a matching industry leverage) over 700 small and large format institutions in the category Multi skilling centres, Centre of Excellence, livelihood promotion centers are being planned. Over 5 lakh trainees are expected to get trained.

The funding will focus on using idle land and building infrastructure in both public and private space for utilisation. The guidelines for funding and governance mechanism of the fund are at final stage. The fund will be housed within NSDF and implementation of projects will be through the NSDC.

ii) Trainer & Assessor Academies

The current scenario of trainers and assessors in skilling eco-system falls significantly short of the growing demand for skills training and assessment. Over 1.7 lakhs trainers are required by 2022.

SANKALP in addition to leveraging institutes for trainers in vocational education ecosystem such as CTIs, ATIs etc. shall set up, 40-50 Trainer academies for priority sectors. The academies shall be operationalized by Sector Skill Councils (SSCs). These academies shall produce about 30,000 trainers and 6000 assessors over next 6 years.

iii) India International Skill Centers (IISC)

IISCs are being set up to train for overseas placements. India by tapping into its demographic can leverage global skill manpower shortage to its advantage. Till date 16 IISCs have been established. Few of the candidates from these IISCs have been placed abroad.

Under SANKALP a minimum of 66 IISCs are expected to be established in identified geographies in phase II with an initial target of successfully training and placing abroad approximately 30000 candidates. 82 job roles have been identified for the purpose and the qualification packs have been benchmarked against international standards and transnational standards developed. An International Awarding Body (IAB) has already been empanelled for assessment and certification of candidates as per international standards. More such awarding bodies are also going to be empanelled soon. A scheme to incentivize training for overseas placement through outcome linked funding is also being drafted, which will promote these IISCs as per market requirement in Phase II.

2. States component: Activities & Outcomes

The objective of the State level support is to encourage Indian states to:

·Strengthen systems and increase their capacity for skill development

·Align the States with the National Skill ecosystem being dev. & strengthened under SANKALP.

·Incentivize innovations to enhance access for socially excluded groups.

·Plug geographical and sectoral skill gaps through decentralized skill planning

·Move towards demand led skill development though district level demand aggregation
Support will be provided through Systems Strengthening Grants (SIGs) and Inclusion grants.

Objective of System Strengthening

·Set up SSDMs and strengthen them to ensure convergence

·Develop district and state level skill development plans

·Design and implement skill developed programs as per the local needs

Objectives of Inclusion

·Innovations for enhancing participation of disadvantaged groups: these can include skills vouchers, soft skills/counselling, mobile skills training, flexi timing, etc

·Creation of disabled friendly infrastructure

Implementing multiple different pilots to promote the interests of disadvantaged groups. Under SANKALP, we are designing programs to promote the interests of disadvantaged groups and help in their inclusion.


The States will get grants linked to reform and capacity building agenda based on an annual scorecard. However, utilization of the grants will be as per priorities of the States which they will finalize under the State skill plan and submit to Project Steering Committee for approval.

Institutional and Implementation Arrangements

SANKALP is a national Program, with a multi-level implementation structure. The overall Program responsibility rests with the MSDE, with individual sub-pillars executed through the NSDC, NSDA, NSDF, SSDMs and other Program Implementation Agencies (PIAs)

At the national level, the MSDE will be the nodal agency for supporting the Operation. Program implementation will be supported by NSDA, NSDC, SSDMs, other PIAs and a PMU. The NSDA will also be strengthened through setup of the NSRD.

The NSDC, which already has experience in managing large-scale programs and working in partnership with the private sector, will be given the added responsibility of supporting the management of the CSR Skills Fund through the NSDF, with the support of a dedicated Skills Fund management team.

At the state level, primary responsibility for Program delivery lies with the state governments. The SSDM is housed in the nodal department implementing the program in the state. The state mission supervises implementation of the Program at the district level, facilitates convergence with other departments, ensures preparation of the DSDP for each district, and monitors state performance against SIG criteria.

Disbursement Linked Indicators (DLIs)

SANKALP has been designed to use the Program for Results (P for R) instrument of the World Bank and funds will be disbursed based on achievement of results based objectives for improvement in the system and institutions. The Disbursement Linked Indicators and allocated amount for funding from the World Bank is given below.

The DLIs are supplemented with a Verification protocol that define how achievement of each DLI will be measured. The disbursement from World Bank to Government of India will be based on the DLIs achievements. The program funds that will be disbursed by MSDE will strictly adhere to procedures required as per GFR. Moreover, the program funds within the allocation and DLIs achievements ceiling, will be disbursed based on projects submitted by the implementing organizations and duly approved by the project steering committee (PSC) which will be chaired by Secretary MSDE cum member secretary NSDM. The DLIs for the project are listed below:
1.Trainees who have successfully completed the NSQF-aligned market-relevant short-term SD programs and were certified.

2.Percentage of graduates who are wage employed or self-employed within six months of completion of short-term SD programs.

3.NSQF aligned QPs translated into model curriculum, trainers guide, and teaching learning resource packs.

4.Number of trainers and assessors trained/retrained with the new CPD modules.

5.A system in place to undertake M&E of SD programs at the national and state level.

6.Improved performance of states on institutional strengthening, market relevance of SD programs and access to and completion of training by marginalized populations.

7.Increase in percentage of women, SC and ST, and PWD participating in SD programs.

8.Joint public and private sector funding successfully channelized and utilized into priority SD Initiatives.

·        UDAAN

Udaan is a Special Industry Initiative for Jammu & Kashmir in the nature of partnership between the corporates of India and Ministry of Home Affairs and implemented by National Skill Development Corporation. The programme aims to provide skills training and enhance the employability of unemployed youth of J&K. The Scheme covers graduates, post graduates and three year engineering diploma holders. It has two objectives:

(i) To provide an exposure to the unemployed graduates to the best of Corporate India;

(ii) To provide Corporate India, an exposure to the rich talent pool available in the State.

The key stakeholders are:

·Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) - Chief Benefactors

·State Government (Jammu & Kashmir)

·Corporates - Training Partners

·Implementation Agency (IA) NSDC

The Scheme aims to cover 40,000 youth of J&K over a period of five years and Rs. 750 crore has been earmarked for implementation of the scheme over a period of five years to cover other incidental expenses such as travel cost, boarding and lodging, stipend and travel and medical insurance cost for the trainees and administration cost. Further corporates are eligible for partial reimbursement of training expense incurred for the candidates who have been offered jobs.

Udaan as on 10th July, 2015

Youth who have joined Udaan training programs till date
Placement Offers Made
Cumulative Corporates successfully partnered with Udaan
Cumulative commitment for 5 years
Udaan selection drives conducted till date

·Polytechnic Schemes

Setting Up of New Polytechnics In Unserved & Underserved Districts

Polytechnic Education – An Overview

Polytechnic education in our country constitutes an important segment of Technical Education and contributes significantly to the economic development. Aimed at creating a vast amount of technical manpower, the polytechnics have played a pivitol role in providing skilled manpower at various levels for organized, unorganized and Service Sectors. Generally, the polytechnics in the country have been offering three year diploma courses in conventional disciplines such as Civil, Electrical and Mechanical Engineering. However, during the last two decades many polytechnics have started offering courses in emerging disciplines such as Electronics, Computer Science, Medical Lab technology, Hospital Engineering, Architectural Assistantship etc. In addition, many institutions are also offering specialized diploma programmes in areas such as Leather Technology, Sugar Technology, and Printing Technology etc. Many diploma programmes are also being offered suited to women such as in Garment Technology, Beauty Culture and Textile Design etc. Polytechnics are meant to provide skills after class X and the duration of diploma programmes is 3 years. Polytechnics are also offering post diploma and advanced diploma programmes of 1-2 year’s duration in different specializations.

Importance of Polytechnic Education

The Mission’s basic objective is to create a trained Skilled Manpower of atleast 500 million persons by 2020. To translate the mission objective into action, several new initiatives are to be taken by various key Ministries. New Schemes orienting to Skill Development are to be launched. The existing capacity for training manpower is to be expanded many fold. This will include opening of new Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and Polytechnics., new Vocational Schools and Skill Development Centers. Through this, it is to ensure that annually over 100 lakh students get vocational training, which is a four-fold increase from today’s level. Towards this, the active help of the private sector is also planned in a big way so that they do not only assist in the training but also lend a hand in providing employment opportunities”.

Technical Education is instrumental in making a remarkable contribution to economic growth of the Developing Countries by way of suitable manpower production according to the needs of the Industry, Society and the Global World as a whole. To produce contemporary skilled manpower & technocrats suited to the present era of science and technology is the need of the hour. Polytechnic education has therefore responded to the challenges of industrialization for self-reliance, as well as meeting international demands.

The aim of the polytechnic education is to create a pool of skill based manpower to support shop floor and field operations as a middle level link between technicians and engineers. The pass-outs of Diploma level Institutions in Engineering & Technology play an important role in managing shop-floor operations. It is further an established fact that small & medium Industry prefer to employ Diploma Holders because of their special skills in interpreting enigineering, drawings, estimating, costing, billing, supervision, measurement, testing, repair & maintenance etc. 

Slow and Uneven Growth of Polytechnic Education

During the last decade, our country has witnessed a tremendous increase in the number of Engineering Colleges providing technical manpower at Degree level. However, the growth of technical institutions at diploma level has not been proportionate to the degree in Engineering. Whereas, the expansion of Degree level institutions has been several fold, the Diploma institutions expansion has suffered a setback. At present, the student intake in degree level courses is around 8 lakh per annum as against 5 lakh in diploma level. The present ratio of degree to diploma holders is around 1.6:1, whereas ideally it should be 1:3. This is in view of more private initiatives for starting colleges as self financing institutions coming up in the degree level institutions compared to the diploma level institutions.

Setting Up New Polytechnics

In order to stimulate the growth of Polytechnics in the country and considering the follow up required in the present condition of not adequate initiatives coming from the State Government and the private bodies, the Central Government has decided to support the State Government for starting Polytechnics. Under this Scheme, through a one time financial assistance is to be provided to the State Governments for meeting the capital cost in establishment of new polytechnics in the districts which do not have any government / government aided polytechnic and in other educationally backward and underserved districts where it may not be easy to establish new polytechnics under Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode or under private initiative.

Under this, 300 such polytechnics are to be set up by the State Governments/ Union Territories with assistance from Government of India limited to Rs.12.3 crore per polytechnic to meet the capital costs of establishing a polytechnic.

Details of Financial Assistance for Setting up of New Polytechnics

Under this scheme, atleast one polytechnic each is to be set up in such district identified as un-served or underserved, for which Central Government would provide the grant to meet the non-recurring costs as under :

 i. Civil Works                                                                                    =        Rs 8.00 crore
 ii. Equipment/Machinery / Library Books/ Furniture / Vehicle        =        Rs 4.30 crore

 Total (per Polytechnic)                                                                      =       Rs12.30 crore

Whereas the State Government shall provide the land required as per AICTE Norms, free of cost, for setting up the Polytechnic, the State Government shall also meet any additional requirement of non-recurring expenditure over and above the ceilings of Rs. 12.30 crores. Further, it shall also be the responsibility of the State Government to bear all the recurring  expenditure in running the polytechnic.

The State Government will identify the location for the proposed polytechnics under the Scheme in the selected districts. It is proposed that initially three need based diploma programmes with a total intake of 180 will be started in these Polytechnics after obtaining approval from AICTE. The programmes to be started will be decided by the concerned State Governments. However, it is suggested that state governments should introduce diploma programmes in new and emerging areas. Admissions in these polytechnics will be made by the respective State Governments along with other polytechnics of States as per admission procedure, criteria, norms and guidelines followed by them.

Terms & Conditions for Financial Assistance

The financial assistance will be provided to the state governments subject to the following terms and conditions: -

a) A total of Rs. 12.30 crore per district per polytechnic will be released in instalments. Out of Rs. 12.30 crore, Rs. 8.00 crore will be spent on Civil Works and Rs. 4.30 crore will be spent on equipment, machinery, furniture, Transport and Learning Resource Materials. Any additional requirement of funds over and above the ceiling of Rs. 12.30 crore will be met by the State Government.

b) The land along with the development charges as well as 100% recurring expenditure will be borne by the State Government;

c) The State Government shall create the required posts for Teaching & Nonteaching as per AICTE norms;

d) The sanctioned strength of the teachers in the polytechnics has to be filled up and in no case the vacancies should be allowed to exceed 5% of the sanctioned strength.

e) The norms and guidelines of All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) to be followed in the establishment of polytechnic and also for teaching and non-teaching staff.

f) Multi point entry & exist with credit based Semester system has to be introduced for teaching and examining the students in all the existing as well as new polytechnics.

g) Regular up-gradation of Syllabi keeping in view the demands of industry and employability of the students be carried out.

h) Evaluation/ feedback of teaching

i) Provision of broadband connectivity.

j) An undertaking to be given by the State Governments that there is no Government Polytechnic/Government aided Polytechnic in the District in which the new Polytechnic is proposed to be established and other such criteria as decided by the Central Government for deciding the location of the Polytechnic & they shall abide by the various conditions as in this Scheme;

k) The admissions in these polytechnics shall be made by the respective State Governments along with the other polytechnics of the States as per admission procedure criteria, reservation norms and guidelines followed.

l) At the end of each financial year, the State Government shall have the accounts in respect of grants received from the Government of India audited through the concerned AG and submit audited statement of accounts to the Ministry of Human Resource Development promptly along with the statement of physical achievements made during the year. The grants-in-aid in the subsequent years shall be released only on receipt of the audited statement of accounts along with the progress report of the physical achievements.

m) The accounts of the grantee shall be open to inspection by the sanctioning authority and audit, both by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India under provision of CAG (DPC) Act 1971 and Internal Audit by the Principal Accounts Office of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Deptt. Of Higher Education, whenever the grantee is called upon to do so.

n) The grants from the Central Government under the Scheme would be provided progressively and subject to satisfactory progress shown by the State Government, in expeditious implementation of the Scheme. In the event of the State Government not showing satisfactory progress in establishment of the Polytechnic(s) or violating any of the conditions, the Central Government reserves the right to revoke the grants provided.


 Committees For Monitoring – State Level

For effective monitoring & implementation of the Scheme, each State will constitute a Committee to Oversee implementation on the grants sanctioned by MHRD and monitoring of the scheme.

The composition of Committee will be as follows: -

(1) Secretary (Technical Education of the State)                        Chairman
(2) DTE of the concerned state                                                    Member
(3) Two experts to be nominated by MHRD                                Member
(4) Director/DEA(T), MHRD                                                       Member

 Central Monitoring Committee

A Central Project Appraisal & monitoring Committee consisting of the following will be constituted to oversee the implementation of the project :-

 i. JS, MHRD                                                                                     Chairman
 ii. Director(Fin), IFD, MHRD                                                          Member
iii. Nominee of Planning Commission                                               Member
iv. Four Experts to be nominated by MHRD                                      Member
v. Director (T) /DEA (T)                                                                     Member Secretary


All proposals for consideration may be submitted to Deputy Educational Adviser(T), Room No. 424, C-Wing, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of HRD, Shastri Bhawan, New Delhi.

·Vocationalization Of Education

1. School Education

The Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Vocationalisation of Secondary Education of Ministry of HRD, Government of India lists out a crucial role for NSDC and its Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) in implementation of NSQF. The trainings conducted in the scheme are based on the National Occupational Standards set by NSDC through its Sector Skill Councils. The scheme also mandates the SSCs to conduct assessments and certification jointly with the State Board.

NSDC is currently working with the State Governments of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Nagaland, Maharashatra, Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan for implementation of the scheme in their states through its approved and funded Sector Skill Councils.

Sector Skill Councils support the States in Identification of Trades/ Occupations, Accrediting curriculum with PSSCIVE, Recommendation for Appointment of Vocational (Industry) Coordinator, Quality Control of Training, Training of Trainers, Student Assessment and Certification and Industry Interface. NSDC funded Training Partners take the responsibility of entire Training Delivery including deploying and managing faculty, setting up of labs, organising Guest Lectures/Industry Visits.

Broad Model for Current Implementation across States

·State provide the civil infrastructure at each school.

·State Govt./NSDC Training Partner take funds from State and equip the schools with skill labs

·Aligning the scheme with the scheme of studies with state board

Training Delivery through NSDC Training Partner

    ·NSDC Training Partner recruit teachers and place them in schools as per the minimum prescribed qualifications.

·Two Trades are offered in each school and each trade to have 50 students.

·NSDC TP monitor and manage the training delivery.

·TP organise On the Job Trainings and Guest Lectures at different intervals.

·The course run for four years from Class IX-Class XII pertaining to a Qualification Pack prescribed by the Sector Skill Councils.

Assessments and Certification

·Sector Skill Councils conduct Assessments and provide certification aligned to the National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) along with the State Education Board.

Stakeholders in the Implementation:

·        State Government
·        NSDC
·        Sector Skill Councils
·        NSDC Training Partner

Role and Responsibilities of the Stakeholders

State Government: Policy, Providing infrastructure, Mobilisation of Students through Principals, Monitoring, Regulatory, Aligning vocational to mainstream scheme of studies of the State Board, Extensive advocacy and marketing of the project.

NSDC: Conceptualize and operationalize the project, Selection of NSDC partners in various trades to implement the project across schools, Setting Standards & Quality Processes, MIS and Monitoring, Management Review

Sector Skill Council: Identification of Trades, Accrediting curriculum, Recommendation for Appointment of Vocational (Industry) Coordinator, Quality Control of Training, Student Assessment and Certification and Facilitating Industry Interface.

NSDC Training Partner: Curriculum development aligned to National Occupational Standards, Development and Printing of Courseware, Providing Vocational trainers, Industry Participation through OJTs and Internships, MIS & reporting, Interfacing with all Stakeholders

2. Higher Education

In order to bridge the industry academia gap – NSDC has developed a unique model to integrate skill based trainings into the academic cycle of the Universities. These are based on National Occupational Standards set by industry through sector skill councils. The job roles offered are designed to be progressive in nature – from Level 5 – level 7 on National Skills Qualification framework. The key highlight of the model are as given below:

     ·Based on state skill gap report – identification of Sectors and job roles

·Development of implementation model and Integration into time table as per university norms

·Training of Trainers by Sector Skill Council

·Curriculum Alignment and Capacity Building workshops

·Student orientation sessions to take an informed choice of sector/job role based on career aspiration

·Standardised Training Delivery by NSDC Training Partners

·Internships and On- the – job Training

·Assessment and certification by Sector Skill Council

·Last Mile Employability and Entrepreneurship Opportunities for the students

NSDC is working with 21 Universities, UGC and AICTE catering to more than 1200 colleges and 400 community colleges across the country. Some of the organization include:

·SavitribaiPhule University of Pune : 663 colleges and 57 autonomous institutions

·University of Delhi: 67 colleges including NCWEB and SOL

·University Grants Commission: 150 community colleges and 127 colleges for B.Voc and Degree programmes

·Tamil Nadu Open University (TNOU): 155 learning resource centres and 204 community colleges

·Centurion University: 4 colleges

·Haryana and Punjab Universities

·AICTE : 100 Community Colleges

NSDC is about to sign MoUs with 7 more universities to adopt this model.

NSDC funded training partners affiliated to respective SSCs are involved in imparting trainings to the students under these partnerships. The infrastructure is allocated by the respective colleges of the University. A project management team ensures monitoring and evaluation of ongoing trainings.

Academia recognise the benefits of this model for integration of industry recognized skills with regular studies and post assessment the studentsreceive industry endorsed and recognized certificate.

Training Providers

The National Skill Development Corporation provides skill development funding either as loans or equity, and supports financial incentives to select private sector initiatives to improve financial viability through tax breaks etc. NSDC's financing initiatives provide funding through:

The NSDC will adopt a phased and detailed due diligence process to select proposals for funding to provide funds for vocational training.

Detailed evaluation will be done across six sets of criteria:

·        Employer view of demand for the specific skills
·        Alignment with the NSDC's mission
·        Robustness of overall plan and operating model
·        Ability to leverage partnerships
·        Ability to leverage financial requirements
·        Ability to leverage management capability


Key Elements of NSDC Funded Affiliation

NSDC Funding Guideline
Any legal entity including, but not limited, to Company/ Society / Trust as per the process and applicable laws and guidelines
What Gets Funded
Total investment requirement towards –

·Training Infrastructure (excluding the acquisition/creation of immovables);

·Working Capital

Interest Rate
6% p.a.
Principal Moratorium Period
Up to 3 years
Interest Moratorium Period
Repayment Period
7 years (including moratorium period)
Promoters Contribution
      ·Minimum 15% of the investment requirement ( not-for-profit entities )

    ·Minimum 25% of the investment requirement ( for-profit entities )
Training Commitment
Standard Proposals

Training Commitment
·Standard Proposals
·20,000 persons over 7 years

Placement Guarantee Commitment
At least 70%
·First charge on assets of the project

·First charge on cash flows of the project

·First charge on IP developed under the project

·Personal Guarantee/ Corporate Guarantee/ Put-Option on another Associate Company

·Pledge of shares to the tune of minimum 51% of the equity of the project implementing entity ( for-profit entities )

·Pledge letters to be taken ( not-for-profit entities )

·Post Dated Cheques

·Hard collateral (including but not limited to bank guarantee/ mortgage of immovable property/ lien on fixed deposits etc.) covering minimum 30% of the loan amount

Key Elements of Non-Funded Affiliation

NSDC Funding Guideline
Eligibility (corporates)
   ·Entity with more than 5 years in operation with sustainable growth.

 ·For Entity listed in BSE/NSE with more than 5 years with sustainable growth and with a credit rating of A- and above, separate TOR and due-diligence process may be apllicable

Eligibility (not-for-profit)
      ·Not for profit entity having more than 5 years of sustainable growth.

·For not for profit entity previously funded by entities like World Bank, ADB, MSDF, UNDP etc. or foundation/social ventures of large corporates. For such entities separate TOR, and due-diligence process may be applicable

Training Outcome
   ·Minimum of 2,000 over a period of 3 years with placement commitment of 70% ( Corporates )

   ·Minimum of 5,000 over a period of 3 years with a placement commitment of 70% ( not-for-profit )

    ·Approved projects need to adhere to the tenets of NSDC monitoring system.

   ·Proposal should focus on linkages with industry for training and placement, livelihoods, self-employment, entrepreneurship or upskilling.

   ·Courses need to be aligned to specific SSC QP/NOS

   ·In Case of achievement of 70% of the committed target the partnership will be automatically renewed annually

PMKK- Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra

Vocational training needs to be made aspirational to transform India into the skill capital of the world. In line with the same, Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship ( MSDE ) intends to establish visible and aspirational model training centres in every district of the country. NSDC is the implementation agency for the project. These training centres will be state of the art Model Training Centres ( MTCs ), called as Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra ( PMKK ). The model training centres under the PMKK program aim to:

·Create benchmark institutions that demonstrate aspirational value for competency based skill training
·Focus on elements of quality, sustainability and connect with stakeholders in skills delivery process

Funding support under PMKK

              Capital Expenditure

NSDC will provide concessional loan funding per centre, up to 75% of the project investment, to cover expenditure related to:

·Training infrastructure including purchase of plant, machinery & equipment

·Training aid and other associated items

·Civil work including setting up prefabricated structures and retrofit existing structures

Operations Support

The sustainability of the centres will be assured against dedicated training numbers under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna ( PMKVY ) or its successor schemes (any other scheme under MSDE or NSDC). Each PMKK will be assured a training mandate for three years, under the PMKVY scheme, as per common norms, subject to capacity and utilization of the centre.

World Skills

What Is World Skills India?

World Skills India is an initiative of the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) under the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship. NSDC, through its World Skills India initiative, has been leading the country's participation at World Skills International competitions since 2011.

The key objectives of World Skills India are to:

   ·Promulgate skills in the society and motivate the youth to pursue vocational education.

·Champion skills and learning for work through local, regional, national and international skills competition and contribute to the society.

·Invite sponsorships to organize the local, regional, national and international skills competitions and also host international competitions.

·Establish links and a long-term association with the WSI secretariat along with development of cooperation with the Government of India, state Governments, registered vocational skills training and awarding bodies.

Role of NSDC

·Establish linkages and contacts with various stakeholders of the industry to promote the association.

·Provide support and synergy for efforts of WorldSkills India through its Skills Development initiatives.

·Provide administrative and technical support to the participants and experts for the WorldSkills Competitions.

About world skill January 2014-2015

·In FY 14-15 a total of 113 rounds were held (85 regional, 27 nationals and one final round) before the winners were selected by a jury of 58 experts picked from the respective industries.
·India will compete in a total of 27 skills at the WorldSkills International Competition in Sao Paulo, Brazil in August, 2015.

·The competition took place with a three tier selection process - Regionals, Nationals and the Final For the regional competitions the participants were identified by the partnering organizations and institutes.

·  Close to 1050 candidates across India participated in the competition

·250 candidates were selected after regional competitions, 80 candidates selected after National Competitions, 21 candidates selected after Final Competition. Final competition for 8 skills will be scheduled shortly. In all 29 candidates will be selected in 27 skills after completion of all finals.

·20 years is the average age of the participants.

·The World Skills competition National final selections were held at Pragati Maidan between the 26th & 28th Feb. The opening was kicked off on the 25th Feb following which approximately 70 chosen contestants from 22 different skills competed to decide the finalists who will represent India at Sao Paolo in August 2015. Out of the 22 skill competitions, 3 skills were rescheduled due to technical reasons (Brick Laying, Visual Merchandising and Welding). The closing ceremony where contestants were presented with the certificates for winners, first runner-ups & second runner-ups was presided over by Mr. S.Ramadorai (Chairman NSDC & NSDA) and Mr Pawan Agarwal (Joint Secretary, Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship) in the presence of Mr S.Mahalingam representing CII and Mr. RCM Reddy representing FICCI.

Proposed Scheme on Entrepreneurship Development

An entrepreneurship development scheme is currently being developed by Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship. The scheme will being designed around the following major elements:

Educate and equip potential and early stage entrepreneurs across India:

In partnership with experts, a world class entrepreneurship education curriculum will be developed. This curriculum will be delivered to all aspiring entrepreneurs at no cost. Leveraging online learning, entrepreneurship courses can be taken as and when needed by students and business people alike through Massively Open Online Courses (MOOCs).

In addition, entrepreneurship education will be integrated into the mainstream curriculum in 3,000 colleges around India. Entrepreneurship education courses will also be delivered in approximately 325 industrial clusters across the nation. Through 50 nodal Entrepreneurship Hubs (E-Hubs) set up across all states, existing and potential entrepreneurs will be targeted for entrepreneurship education modules that suit their need.

Connect entrepreneurs to peers, mentors, incubators:

To support young entrepreneurs, a web and mobile based platform connecting the entire entrepreneurial ecosystem will be established. Platform members will access content online, including information on government services and special packages offered by service providers.

The creation of new incubators will be encouraged and a national network of incubators and accelerators established to support young entrepreneurs. A national network of high quality, screened mentors will also be created, leveraging existing networks and successful local entrepreneurs where possible.

Entrepreneurship activities in innovative and cutting edge technology areas will be aligned with initiatives such as Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) and Self Employment Talent Utilisation (SETU).

Support entrepreneurs through Entrepreneurship Hubs (E-Hubs):

Support to entrepreneurs, including coordinated delivery of national and state government entrepreneurship programs and access to enabling resources, a national network of Entrepreneurship Hubs (E-Hubs) will be established.  One national, 30 state, 50 Nodal and 3,000 college based E-Hubs will be set up to deliver support. These E-Hubs will, collectively, cover the entire nation.

Catalyse a culture shift to encourage entrepreneurship:

To promote entrepreneurship, state and national level interactions with stakeholders will be convened. International linkages will be established through internship opportunities and exchange trips to global entrepreneurship hubs such as Silicon Valley and Israel. To build awareness, national brand ambassadors will be created to champion entrepreneurial culture in India. Awards will be instituted for young achievers and a National Entrepreneurship Day will be celebrated.

Encourage entrepreneurship among underrepresented groups:

Special focus will be given to the inclusion of scheduled castes & scheduled tribes, minorities, differently abled, etc., and regionally under-represented areas including large part of Eastern and North Eastern India in entrepreneurship programs. Special efforts will also be made to enrol incubators and mentors catering to these groups will in the national entrepreneurial ecosystem.

Promote Entrepreneurship amongst Women:

Focus will also be placed on encouraging women entrepreneurs through appropriate incentives for women owned businesses under the public procurement process.  It will also be ensured that gender neutral incubation/ accelerator, network of mentors, industry, resource centres and credit institutes are developed to facilitate Women Entrepreneurs. Priority will be given for mentorship and support system for women entrepreneurs in existing business centres and incubators. Steps will also be taken to assemble gender disaggregated data.

Foster social entrepreneurship and grassroots innovations:

Universities and academic institutions will be encouraged to launch a course on ‘Social Entrepreneurship’, including through online distance education, to actively promote social entrepreneurship in the country. Additional support, including through fiscal incentives and incubation, will also be considered.

To foster grass-roots innovation, a focus on innovations in hubs, collaborations with organisations such as the National Innovation Foundation and promotion of Intellectual Property Rights will also be encouraged.

Case Studies

(1) Pratham Busines Innovation: Between now and 2025 over 250 million young people are estimated to enter the Indian workforce, while only 5% of youth aged 20-24 have obtained vocational skills through a formal training system. Many students drop out of the formal educational system unaware of the alternative educational and employment opportunities available. These students often settle in rural areas and engage in daily wage work, and are not privy to the industry growth evident in urban areas.

(2) Indian Institute of Gems & Jewellery: The Indian Institute of Gems and Jewellery in Jaipur has been doing something very interesting. They have been running a special job-oriented program customised to the needs of Deaf and Dumb students.

(3) Kaushal Vikas Yatra, an AISECT Initiative: AISECT, which is a 28 year old organization, working in the unorganized sector and rural and semi-urban parts of the country for skill development, has a rich experience of doing mobilization of trainees for vocational training and skill development. Our experience shows that ground level activation campaigns which can reach the students directly are one of the most effective ways of awareness generation and publicity. In the rural areas, interaction with students and reaching out to them ensures effective awareness generation and recall for courses.

(4) Gram Tarang skilling Motor Mechanics: A one of a kind partnership that GRAM TARANG has forged in this area is that with Ashok Leyland, a leading manufacturer of heavy vehicles. GRAM TARANG has setup a captive 200 seater fully residential training facility at Bhubaneswar to cater to its manpower requirements across its dealerships and help employ the large number of ITI graduates of the state.

(5) ASTM Student Testimonials: This contains testimonials from 2 trainees, both from Palghar district in Maharashtra which is a tribal region. They underwent training for Security sector with ASTM Institute and are gainfully employed after training with salary of over Rs. 10,000 per month.

(6) Future Sharp: This section has 7 Case Studies of beneficiaries who received training in Retail sector from Future Sharp Institute who are gainfully employed after completion of training.

(7) Gras Academy: This section has 8 Case Studies of varying backgrounds from Jaipur district who pursued training in BPO and Retail sectors from GRAS Academy and are gainfully employed after successful completion of training.

(8) Keertika Training Academy: This section has testimonials from 4 retired army personnel who have worked as trainers for Security sector with Keertika Training Academy.

(9) NIIT Yuva Jyoti: This section gives Success Stories of 4 trainees who made a significant transition in their lives with training from NIIT Yuva Jyoti. This includes a jobless graduate becoming Customer Support Associate, a Courier Boy becoming Accounting Professional, a Rickshaw Puller becoming Retail professional and a jobless 12th Pass becoming a Retail professional.

(10) Smart Edusol Service: This section contains testimonials from Trainers as well as Trainees of Edusol service in Hospitality, Housekeeping and Food & Beverages sector. The trainees are employed with KFC and Nagarjuna Suites.

(11) Yuva Parivartan: This section contains 9 success stories from Yuva Parivartan's Youth Career Initiative pertaining to trainings in various sectors.

3-tier structure to implement objectives of the National Skill Development Mission; Rs 3,000 crore per year Credit Guarantee Fund for Entrepreneurship Developmen has been initiated

The objectives and targets under the National policy will be met in mission mode approach. The National Skill Development Mission will be launched to implement and coordinate all skilling efforts in the country towards the objectives laid down in the policy. The Mission will be housed in MSDE and the key institutional mechanisms for achieving the objectives of the Mission will be divided into a three-tier structure at the Centre to steer, drive and execute the Missions objectives. The Mission will consist of a Governing Council at apex level, a Steering Committee and a Mission Directorate (along with an Executive Committee) as the executive arm of the Mission. At State level, States will be encouraged to create State Skill Development Missions (SSDM) along the lines of National Skill Development Mission with a Steering Committee and Mission Directorate at State level. States will in turn, be supported by District Committees at the functional tier.

Mission Directorate will be supported by three other institutions: National Skill Development Agency (NSDA), National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), and Directorate General of Training (DGT) all of which will have horizontal/vertical linkages with Mission Directorate to facilitate smooth functioning of the national institutional mechanism.

National Skill Development Agency (NSDA): NSDA was set up as a Society in June 2013. NSDA will focus on the two verticals of Quality Assurance and policy research in the skills space. It will be majorly responsible for the following activities:
·Operationalise and implement National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF).

· Establish and operationalise a QA framework embedded in NSQF to improve consistency of outcomes in the skills landscape, which will include laying down a framework for training, assessment and certification processes and agencies in the country.

·Operationalise National Skills Qualification Committee (NSQC) to meet its objectives.

·Design and implement the National Labour Market Information System. 

·Develop national protocols for registration and accreditation of private training providers.

·Promote use of ‘Skill India’ logo on skill certificates by SSCs/Agencies adhering to the QA framework.

·Anchor Prime Minister’s Skill Development Fellow Programme

National Skills Research Division (NSRD), under NSDA will be established to serve as the apex division for providing technical and research support to the Mission. This division will act as a think tank for MSDE and be the core skill development hub, which will connect implementation of the Mission with academic research and data. Its four key functions will include research, policy advisory/inputs, career support and knowledge exchange networks.

National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC): NSDC, a Public Private Partnership was set up in 2008 as a Section 25 company under Companies Act 1956 with shareholding of GOI 49% and private sector 51%. It will be the nodal organization for all private sector initiatives in the short term skilling space. Its mandate will primarily include -

·Catalyse the creation of market-based, scalable business by providing funding through a combination of debt, equity and grants

·Implementing skills voucher programme

·Driving engagement with industry and businesses

·Promote centres of excellence for training of trainers in coordination with States and SSCs

·  Initiating and incubating Sector Skills Councils (SSCs)

· Discharge any other function as may be assigned to it by the Ministry.

Directorate General of Training: The two verticals of Training and Apprenticeship Training under DGET, MoLE have been shifted to MSDE from 16th April 2015. Its large institutional framework consisting of ITIs, ATIs, RVTIs and other national institutes will act as tools of execution for Mission activities. Other functions will include:

·Setting up framework for structure of courses, assessment, curricula creation, affiliation and accreditation of institutes, under NCVT.

·Develop national standards on syllabi, equipment, scale of space, duration of courses and methods of training

·Advise on training policy in its network of training institutes

· Coordinate functioning of Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs)

· Run training programmes for training of trainers/instructors

· Run special institutes for training of women

·Leverage field infrastructure for strong industry interface in all facets of training, including onthe-job training

· Provide technical support to vocational education across the country

·Anchor and operationalise Apprentices Act, 1961 as overhauled by comprehensive amendments in Dec, 2014

·Operationalise various training schemes through ITIs and Vocational Training Providers (VTPs)

Sector Skill Councils (SSCs): In order to ensure that skill development efforts being made by all stakeholders in the system are in accordance with actual needs of industry, SSCs are being set up. SSCs are industry-led and industry-governed bodies, which will help link the requirements of industry with appropriately trained manpower.

SSCs will discharge the following functions:

·Identification of skill development needs including preparing a catalogue of types of skills, range and depth of skills to facilitate individuals to choose from them.

·Development of a sector skill development plan and maintain skill inventory.

·Determining skills/competency standards and qualifications and getting them notified as per NSQF.

·Standardization of affiliation, accreditation, examination and certification process in accordance with NSQF as determined by NSQC. May also conduct skill based assessment and certification for QP /NOS aligned training programmes.

·Participation in the setting up of affiliation, accreditation, examination and certification norms for their respective sectors.

·Plan and facilitate the execution of Training of Trainers along with NSDC and States.

·Promotion of academies of excellence.

·Will lay special emphasis on the skilling needs of ST/SC, differently abled and minority populations

·SSCs shall ensure that the persons trained and skilled in accordance with the norms laid down by them are assured of employment at decent wages.

Entrepreneurship Institutes: National Institute for Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development (NIESBUD) and Indian Institute of Entrepreneurship (IIE), Guwahati were transferred to MSDE on 2nd May, 2015. NIEBUD is a society engaged in Training, Consultancy, Research and Publication, in order to promote entrepreneurship. It is operating from an integrated campus in Noida, Uttar Pradesh, and its major activities include training, conducting research/evaluation studies, developing course curricula/syllabi for Entrepreneurship Development Programmes, undertaking development programmes in clusters, running an incubation centre etc. IIE’s objectives include promotion and development of entrepreneurship, conducting research, providing consultancy for entrepreneurship development, providing consultancy and monitoring service to MSMEs/ potential entrepreneurs and enhancing employability of participants. Further, a National Advisory Committee comprising of representatives/ members from all relevant Ministries/Departments, industry, academia, specialized institutions, funding agencies and young entrepreneurs engaged in promoting entrepreneurship, etc., will be set up to institutionalize entrepreneurship development in the country.


Public funds (comprised of funding by Central government, state government and grant based schemes) are finite and will not be able to cover the magnitude of the challenge of Skilling India, hence alternative sources of funds are required. Therefore, all stakeholders, the Government both at Centre and States, the enterprise  public and private, and the direct beneficiary  the individual, would contribute in mobilizing financial or in-kind resources for skill development. The success of the policy will depend upon the quantum of resources mobilised from all stakeholders.

National Skill Development Fund (NSDF) has been set up by Government of India with the objective of encouraging skill development in the country. A public Trust set up by Government of India is the custodian of the Fund. The Fund acts as a receptacle for all donations, contribution in cash or kind from all Contributors (including Government, multilateral organizations, corporations etc) for furtherance of the objectives of the Fund.

To channelize the interest of a plethora of organisations to participate in the mission of Skill India, a strategic vehicle to create a multiplier effect on skilling has been devised. A Resource Optimization for Skilling at Scale Platform’ has been proposed by the Government to act as a demand-responsive and flexible vehicle to tackle the issues of skills shortages through skill development, job creation and placement at scale. It will serve as the aggregator vehicle for pooling the funds of multilateral agencies, companies, foundations, NGOs and individuals for skilling interventions by leveraging existing infrastructure and resources. The platform will also be subjected to timely audits to ensure that the contributions are used for the intended purpose.

To attract funds from industry, companies will be encouraged to spend at least 25% of their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) funds on skill development initiatives directly or through NSDF. Further, industry should earmark at least 2% of its payroll bill (including for contract labour) for skill development initiatives in their respective sectors. These funds can be channelized for skill development activities either through respective SSCs or through NSDF.

All Government schemes across sectors will be encouraged to apportion a certain percentage (10%) of the scheme budget towards skilling of human resources in local regions in the required sector. These funds could be used for implementation directly or be routed through NSDF. Government may consider other options including cess etc. to raise funds for meeting the requirements of this sector.

End user funding through a basic fee paying model will also be a key medium for funding training activities. However, the Government believes that the inability to pay training costs should not stop any desirous citizen in the country from acquiring any certified skill training. The government will promote grant of scholarships, rewards and Skill Vouchers (SV) for funding of training costs. It will also be ensured that for all government schemes, Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) will be used as a mechanism for payment disbursement.

A Credit Guarantee Fund for skill development and a ‘National Credit Guarantee Trustee Company’ (NCGTC) has been set up to support the initiative of loans for the purpose of skilling and will be used to leverage credit financing in the skill landscape. It will be further expanded to ensure greater outreach and access to all citizens. Similarly, a Credit Guarantee Fund for Entrepreneurship Development worth Rs. 3000 Crore per year has already been initiated under Prime Minister MUDRA Yojna through NCGTC.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has been structured as an outcome oriented policy. It is therefore desirable that there should be regular monitoring and evaluation of the initiatives to ensure that best practices can be scaled and corrective measures can be introduced. The main idea of having a robust monitoring and evaluation mechanism is to ensure successful implementation of the policy initiatives.

Government desires to set up a ‘Policy Implementation Unit’ (PIU) so as to review the implementation and progress of the various initiatives under this policy. The PIU will be housed in MSDE with Secretary as the Chairperson and representation from NITI Aayog. For the smooth functioning of the PIU, it will also ensure constant consultation with stakeholders to get feedback so as to enable improvements, if required.

The PIU will perform the following functions:

·List all the action points as mentioned in the policy on which further action is required

·Identify all the agencies involved and map the actionable points to the responsible agency

·To coordinate with all the agencies involved and help them devise a draft outline as well as timelines for the implementation of the initiatives assigned to them.

5 year targets set for stakeholders by the Policy Implementation Unit for impact assessment

·Timelines that are explicitly mentioned in the policy for certain initiatives will supersede over other timelines

·To act as a coordinating body for all the implementing agencies and support them to enhance their efficiency

·The PIU will also conduct monthly review of the action points and nudge them if the progress is not as expected.

The PIU will be made responsible to the NSDM. It will present its reports, findings and the way forward to the Steering Committee of the Mission every quarter. The PIU will be the main body overlooking the implementation of policy.

Impact Assessment: For the purpose of undertaking impact assessment, annual as well as five year targets will be set for each stakeholder by the PIU. Impact assessment will be undertaken to ensure that the targets are met well within the time frame. The stakeholders will also be subject to a quarterly review. For the purpose of impact assessment, the following monitoring indicators, amongst others, are prescribed:

·Number/registrations of youth interested in skilling
·Number of youth registered in training programmes
·Number of youth assessed and certified by regulatory authorities
·Placement rate of skilled trainees
·Number of accredited/affiliated training providers/centres
·Number of certified trainers, sector-wise
·Number of certified assessors, sector-wise
·Number of job roles for which QPs and NOS have been developed
·Existing public infrastructure leveraged for training
·Number of skilled persons engaged in overseas employment
·Reduction in sectoral demand and supply gap
·Amount of private funds mobilised for encouraging skill development and entrepreneurship
·Percentage of socially and geographically disadvantaged groups enrolled in training programmes
·Percentage of skilled youth that are self employed
·Infrastructure dedicated for entrepreneurship support
·Number of schools running skills and entrepreneurship courses
·Percentage of socially and geographically disadvantaged groups engaged in self employment

With the help of the PIU, it will be easier to monitor the implementation of the policy initiatives and take corrective measures in case of non-compliance. A mid-term review of the policy will be undertaken based on impact assessment by a third party. The policy can be considered for review after five years, based on learnings from implementation of the policy.

Organizations involved in Skill India

A.  Directorate General of Training (DGT)

The Directorate General of Training consists of the Directorate of Training and Directorate of Apprentice Training. This includes a network of Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) in States; Advanced Training institutes (ATIs), Regional Vocational Training Institutes (RVTIs) and other central institutes. A number of training programmes catering to students, trainers and industry requirements are being run through this network. The building blocks for vocational training in the country - Industrial Training Institutes - play a vital role in the economy by providing skilled manpower in different sectors with varying levels of expertise. ITIs are affiliated by National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT). DGT also operationalises the amended Apprentices Act, 1961.

B.  National Skill Development Agency (NSDA)

The National Skill Development Agency (NSDA), an autonomous body, (registered as a Society under the Society's Registration Act 1860) was created with the mandate to co-ordinate and harmonise the skill development activities in the country, is part of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE).

Functions : Gazette Notification of NSDA

·Take all possible steps to meet skilling targets as envisaged in the 12th Five Year Plan and beyond.

·Coordinate and harmonize the approach to skill development among various Central Ministries/Department. State Governments, the NSDC and the Private sector.

·Anchor and operationalize the NSQF to ensure that quality and standards meet sector specific requirements

·Be the nodal agency for State Skill Development Missions

·Raise extra-budgetary resources for skill development from various sources such as international agencies, including multi-lateral agencies, and the private sector.

·Evaluate existing skill development schemes with a view to assessing their efficacy and suggest corrective action to make them more effective.

·Create and maintain a national data base related to skill development including development of a dynamic Labour Market Information System (LMIS).

·Take affirmative action for advocacy.

·Ensure that the skilling needs of the disadvantaged and the marginalized groups like SCs, STs, OBCs, minorities, women and differently abled persons are taken care of and.

·Discharge any other function as may be assigned to it by the Government of India.

Activities undertaken by the NSDA

Besides anchoring and implementation, the National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF), some of the other actions taken by the NSDA are as under:

1. Rationalization of the Skill Development Schemes of the Government of India

NSDA has worked with the concerned ministries and stakeholders to achieve convergence of norms across the various central schemes for skill development, while at the same time recognizingthe special needs of the North Eastern States, the hill States, and other geographies that pose challenging situations for skill development.

2. Creation of an integrated Labour Market Information System

A national database on all major aspects of skill development is being created in partnership with all other Ministries of the Government of India and the State Governments. This would be a one-shop stop where all the relevant information is freely available to citizens. The government has created a National Steering Committee for setting up the Labour Market Information System (LMIS). The LMIS would bring in operational efficiencies, would be transparent and available to all, and would help reduce considerably the situation of one individual being benefitted under different schemes.

3. Engagement with States

The NSDA is newactively engaged with the various State governments to plan out their skill development action plan, help them develop their skill development policies, and set up suitable administrative mechanisms. Through Technical Assistance programmes with the Asian Development bank (ADB), European Union (EU) and DFID (Department for International Development of the Government of UK), NSDA is helping the State Skill Development Missions of eleven states build their respective capacities.

4. Skills Innovation Initiative

A committee has been set up under the Skills Innovation Initiative housed under the NSDA. The NSDA invites innovative ideas, concepts and practices on skill development. The Committee reviews all the proposals of innovations to facilitate their application on a wider scale. Selected innovative practices will be facilitated and propagated for wider application. Five innovative approaches and solutions have already been identified for wider propagation.

C. National Skill Development Corporation

The National Skill Development Corporation India (NSDC) was setup as a one of its kind, Public Private Partnership Company with the primary mandate of catalysing the skills landscape in India. NSDC is a unique model created with a well thought through underlying philosophy based on the following pillars:

1. Create: Proactively catalyse creation of large, quality vocational training institutions.

2. Fund: Reduce risk by providing patient capital. Including grants and equity.

3. Enable: the creation and sustainability of support systems required for skill development. This includes the Industry led Sector Skill Councils.

The main objectives of the NSDC are to:
·Upgrade skills to international standards through significant industry involvement and develop necessary frameworks for standards, curriculum and quality assurance

·Enhance, support and coordinate private sector initiatives for skill development through appropriate Public-Private Partnership (PPP) models; strive for significant operational and financial involvement from the private sector

·Play the role of a "market-maker" by bringing financing, particularly in sectors where market mechanisms are ineffective or missing

·Prioritize initiatives that can have a multiplier or catalytic effect as opposed to one-off impact.


NSDC operates through partnerships with multiple stakeholders in catalysing and evolving the skilling ecosystem.

Private Sector – Areas of partnerships include awareness building, capacity creation, loan financing, creation and operations of Sector Skill Councils, assessment leading to certification, employment generation, Corporate Social Responsibility, World Skills competitions and participation in Special Initiatives like Udaan focused on J&K.

International Engagement – Investments, technical assistance, transnational standards, overseas jobs and other areas.

Central Ministries – Participation in flagship programmes like Make in India, Swachh Bharat, Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana, Smart City, Digital India and Namami Ganga, among many others.

State Governments – Development of programs and schemes, alignment to NSQF and capacity building, operationalization of program, capacity building efforts among others.

University/School systems – Vocationalisation of education through specific training programs, evolution of credit framework, entrepreneur development, etc.

Non-profit organizations – Capacity building of marginalized and special groups, development of livelihood, self-employment and entrepreneurship programs.

Innovation – Support to early-stage social entrepreneurs working on innovative business models to address gaps in the skilling ecosystem, including programs for persons with disability.


·Over 5.2 million students trained

·235 private sector partnerships for training and capacity building, each to train at least 50,000 persons over a 10-year period.

·38 Sector Skill Councils (SSC) approved in services, manufacturing, agriculture & allied services, and informal sectors. Sectors include 19 of 20 high priority sectors identified by the Government and 25 of the sectors under Make in India initiative.

·1386 Qualification Packs with 6,744 unique National Occupational Standards (NOS). These have been validated by over 1000 companies.

·Vocational training introduced in 10 States, covering 2400+ schools, 2 Boards, benefitting over 2.5 lakh students. Curriculum based on National Occupational Standards (NOS) and SSC certification. NSDC is working with 21 universities, Community Colleges under UGC/AICTE for alignment of education and training to NSQF.

·Designated implementation agency for the largest voucher-based skill development program, Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana.

·Skill Development Management System (SDMS) with 1400 training partners, 28179 training centres, 16479 trainers, 20 Job portals, 77 assessment agencies and 4983 empanelled assessors. Hosting infrastructure certified by ISO 20000/27000 supported by dedicated personnel.

D. National Skill Development Fund

The National Skill Development Fund was set up in 2009 by the Government of India for raising funds both from Government and Non Government sectors for skill development in the country. The Fund is contributed by various Government sources, and other donors/ contributors to enhance, stimulate and develop the skills of Indian youth by various sector specific programs. A public Trust set up by the Government of India is the custodian of the Fund. The Trust accepts donation, contribution in cash or kind from the Contributors for furtherance of objectives of the Fund. The Fund is operated and managed by the Board of Trustees. The Chief Executive Officer of the Trust is responsible for day-to-day administration and management of the Trust.

The Fund meets its objectives through National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) which is an industry led ‘Not For Profit Company’ set up for building skill development capacity and forging strong linkages with the market. NSDC acts as a catalyst in skill development by providing funding to enterprises, companies and organizations that provide skill training. It also develops appropriate models to enhance, support and coordinate private sector initiatives. Till 31st March 2015, NSDF has released Rs. 2333 crore to NSDC towards skill development programmes including National Skill Certification and Monetary Reward Scheme (STAR) and UDAAN Scheme (J&K oriented). NSDC with 160 training partners and 1722 training centres has so far trained around 35 lakh persons across India.

Accounts of the Trust are subject to CAG Audit and are also audited by a Chartered Accountant for every financial year and in such manner as may be directed by GOI.  The Trust has engaged IL&FS Trust Company Ltd (ITCL), one of the largest Corporate Trustees in India, for providing micro prudential oversight on the implementing partner and monitoring the interests of Trust.

E. Indian Institute of Entrepreneurship (IIE)

The Indian Institute of Entrepreneurship (IIE) was established in the year 1993 in Guwahati by the erstwhile Ministry of Industry (now the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises), Government of India as an autonomous national institute with an aim to undertake training, research and consultancy activities in small and micro enterprises focusing on entrepreneurship development.

The institute began operating from April 1994 with the North East Council (NEC), Governments of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland and SIDBI as its other stakeholders. It is also An ISO 9001:2008 Certified Organisation.


      ·To promote and develop entrepreneurship.

·To conduct research and provide consultancy for entrepreneurship development.

·To coordinate and collaborate with other organizations in undertaking training, research and other activities to increase outreach of the institute.

·To provide consultancy and monitoring service to MSMEs/ potential entrepreneurs and enhancing employability of participants.

·To promote greater use of information technology in the activities/ functions of the IIE.

·To comply with statutory responsibility.


·Designing and organising training activities for different target group and undertaking research in the relevant to entrepreneurship.

·Improving the efficiency, effectiveness and delivery of the change agents and development practitioners i.e. trainers, support organizations engaged in enterprise building. etc.

·Provide consultancy service to the prospective and existing entrepreneurs.

·Increasing the outreach of activities of the institute through collaborative activities and increasing their effectiveness through use of different tools of information technology.


·The Institute is located at Lalmati, Basistha Chariali, 37 National Highway Bypass, Guwahati.

          ·The institute has a 1 Library and Documentation Centre; 1 seminar hall; a guest house at IIE Residential flat located at RG Boruah Road Ganeshguri chariali, Guwahati; a hostel with 42 fully furnished single rooms with attached bath, 1 auditorium with the seating capacity of 200.

The institute also has state offices in seven states - Nagaland, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur, Tripura, and Meghalaya.

Major Activities:

Trainings: Are primarily divided into two categories:

(i) (Assistance to Training Institutions) ATI Trainings: The institute conducts three ATI Programmes, namely, Announces a Programme on Training of Trainers (ToT); Entrepreneurship and Skill Development Programme (ESDP); and Entrepreneurship and Skill Development Programme (ESDP).

(ii) Non-ATI Trainings: The institute conducts 36 trainings related to entrepreneurship ranging from 600hrs to 15 days. These trainings are conducted free of cost or at nominal charges.

Research: The Institute undertakes research and studies either on its own or on sponsored basis and provides consultancy in the field of growth and development of MSME across North East India and beyond. The Institute alpso acts as a catalyst and a resource centre for providing various inputs on policy formulation for promoting entrepreneurship and development of MSME to Central and State governments. Another major focus area is evaluation of various Central and State government organisations and schemes. Action Research is also undertaken on development of MSMEs.

Consultancy: It offers advice and consultancy in the various areas of entrepreneurship, including, Enterprise planning; Enterprise Management; Enterprise Expansion, Diversification & Growth; Management Consultancy; Marketing consultancy with specialization on export and border trade; Technology sourcing; Technology propagation; Project and Reports.

Seminars and Workshops: The Institute organizes Seminars and Workshops to share experiences on implementation of programmes of self-employment and entrepreneurship, 0n current topics and awareness generation. Besides, the institute organizes Entrepreneurs Meet to understand and appreciate their problems in launching projects and managing them successfully.

Projects: The institute has also undertaken various projects such as, Centre for Sustainable Livelihood promotion (CSPL); Regional Resource Centre (RRC) for Cluster Development; Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Development (STED) Project; and Rural Industries Programme (RIP)

Publications: The institute publishes Newsletters, Books, Annual Reports, and Results Framework Document.


Indian Institute of Entrepreneurship (IIE) signed a Memorandum of Understanding, signed initially for three years, with Arunachal University of Studies, Namsai, Arunachal Pradesh on 5th March, 2014 at IIE campus, Guwahati, Assam to promote and develop entrepreneurial environment. The Arunachal University of Studies is authorised to establish and approve new Skill Knowledge Providers (SKP) for facilitating joint certification with IIE.

F. National Institute of Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development (NIESBUD)

The National Institute for Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development is a society under the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises engaged in Training, Consultancy, Research and Publication, in order to promote entrepreneurship. The institute has been financially self sufficient since 2007-08.

The Institute is operating from an integrated Campus in A-23, Sector-62, Noida, Uttar Pradesh. It is established in an area of 10,000 sq. meters with about 40,000 sq. feet of built up area. The infrastructure comprises of 8 class rooms, 1 auditorium, and 1 conference hall, besides library. There is also a hostel consisting of 32 rooms, and other facilities.

Major Activities

The major activities of the Institute inter alia include:

Training: The different kind of training programmes being organized by the Institute inter-alia include Trainers’ Training Programmes (TTPs); Management Development Programmes (MDPs); Orientation Programmes for Head of Departments (HoDs) and Senior Executives; Entrepreneurship Development Programmes (EDPs); Entrepreneurship-cum-Skill Development Programmes (ESDPs) and specially designed sponsored activities for different target groups.

Research/Evaluation Studies: Besides the primary/basic research, the Institute has been undertaking review/evaluation of different government schemes/programmes, training need assessment- Skill Gap studies, industrial potential survey etc. The broad objective of these activities is the promotion of the MSME Sector.

Development of Course Curriculum/Syllabi: The Institute has developed Model Syllabi for organizing Entrepreneurship Development Programmes. It also assists in Standardization of Common Training programmes.

Publications and Training Aids: The Institute has been bringing out different Publications on entrepreneurship and allied subjects. The Institute has also assembled an Entrepreneurship Motivation Training brings out a quarterly Newsletter.

Cluster Interventions: The Institute has been actively involved in undertaking developmental programmes (Soft and Hard Interventions) in Clusters in different capacities. The Institute has so far handled a total of 24 Industrial Clusters.

Incubation Centres: The Incubator sponsored by the Ministry of MSME and functioning at the Campus of the Institute, has been instrumental in providing hands-on training and familiarizing the beneficiaries with the real factory/market conditions/ situations in the area of stitching, Mobile Repairing, Home D├ęcor products, Beautician and Art Incubation. Following activities are organized for the same:

(a) Self Employment Fair
(b) Functioned as Udyami Mitra under Rajiv Gandhi Udyami Mitra Yojana
(c) Business plan preparation
(d) Institutional arrangements with Financial Institutes/ support organization(s)
(e) Linkage with Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP)
(f) Post training follow up with the participants

Intellectual Property Facilitation Centre: The Intellectual Property Facilitation Centre, operational at the Campus of the Institute under the auspices of the O/o DC (MSME) provides facilitation/assistance under one roof to the units located in its vicinity for identification, registration, protection and management of Intellectual Property Rights, as a business tool.

The E-Module: EDP: The Institute has developed an E-learning Module (Hindi and English) for Entrepreneurship Development Programmes. The course material of the Module has been incorporated in a C.D. which is moderately priced. The Module has been launched in different States.

E-learning Modules on Different Subjects: Eight e-learning Modules have been created on Cyber Security, Communication Skills, Java Personality Development, Mathematical Modeling, Web Designing & Cloud Computing.

The Regional Centre, Dehradun: Undertakes Research and provides Training & Consultancy Services to the beneficiaries specially those belonging to the states of Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh.

Hand-holding for Enterprise Creation and Employment Assistance to the Trainees: The Institute provides hand-holding services to candidates interested in self-employment and assists to find suitable wage employment if they do not opt for self-employment. For the same, an interaction platform called Rojgar Mela(s) is organized for prospective employees and trained persons.

Collaborative Activities: With different domestic and overseas/multi-lateral institutions including Government of West Bengal, International Finance Corporation (IFC), a member of the World Bank Group, Snapdeal etc. to promote entrepreneurial culture/provision of support services for different target groups.

International Activities:   The Institute conducts 8-weeks’ training programmes under the Fellowships of the Ministry of External Affairs: ITEC/SCAAP/COLOMBO Plan for the participants from different countries. Besides, the Institute also designs and conducts special /request training programmes for overseas agencies and has also been assisting other countries through consultancy assignments primarily in assessing the industrial potential of different Regions.

Consultancy Services (National and International): Offering consultancy services in the area of entrepreneurship especially for MSMEs. It Offers advice and consultancy to other Institutions engaged in entrepreneurial training either in the Government or in the Private Sector. Advising Governments (both Central & State) and foreign Governments as well in the area of entrepreneurship and MSMEs.

Recent Achievements

    ·The Institute has been certified as compliant to the requirements of Management System ISO 9001: 2008 by TUV NORD CERT GmbH.

·It has been accorded in-principle approval by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) for starting a long term (two years) Post Graduate Diploma in Entrepreneurship Management (60 seats).

·MSME Naukri Portal ( has been established to bridge the gap between job seekers and job providers. So far, 189 job providers and 10,969 job seekers have been registered on the web portal.

·The Virtual Cluster concept consists of a dedicated Web Portal hosted by the MSME Ministry i.e. It provides an opportunity for the stakeholders in the field of entrepreneurship to register and join. So far, 25,019 industries, 198 Institutions and 120 Experts have registered on the portal.

·The Institute has trained more than 2.60 lakh trainees including 2,600 persons from more than 125 countries till date. Also, in the year 2014-15, the institute assisted 2.40 lakh participants to set up their unit and 22.74 lakh to get wage employment.

Partner Institutions

The Institute, at present, has 58 Partner Institutions spread over 12 States/U.T engaged in educational activities including those pertaining to entrepreneurial education/development.

G. Sector Skill Councils (SSC)

Sector Skill Councils are set up as autonomous industry-led bodies by NSDC. They create Occupational Standards and Qualification bodies, develop competency framework, conduct Train the Trainer Programs, conduct skill gap studies and Assess and Certify trainees on the curriculum aligned to National Occupational Standards developed by them.
Till date, the NSDC Board has approved proposals for 38 Sector Skill Councils. There are approximately 450 Corporate Representatives in the Governing Councils of these SSCs.


1. Central Ministries/Departments:

Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has engaged in strategic partnerships with several Central Ministries/Departments to collaborate towards skill initiatives. MoUs signed by the Ministry include:

Central Ministry/Department/PSU
Date of Signing
Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities
21st March '15
Ministry of Defence
13th July '15
Ministry of Railways
14th July '15
Ministry of Health & Family Welfare
11th July '15

Department of Fertilisers (Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilisers)
9th July '15
Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals (Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilisers)
9th July '15
Department of Pharmaceuticals (Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilisers)
9th July '15
Ministry of Steel
10th July '15
Ministry of Mines
10th July '15
Coal India (Ministry of Coal)
3rd May '15
National Thermal Power Corporation,
8th May’ 15
PowerGrid (Ministry of Power)
14th Jan '15

2. States

Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship hosted a National Level Consultative Workshop with representatives of State governments, including State Ministers responsible for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship on 9th May, 2015. The workshop sought to brief State Governments about MSDE’s various initiatives, highlight and share best practices from select States, gather feedback and incorporate this into MSDE’s forthcoming policy and programme initiatives. The Draft Policy on Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015 was circulated to representatives of State Governments ahead of the workshop and their feedback was obtained.  The workshop saw a turnout of over 450 participants including State Ministers dealing with skill development, officials of State Government Departments and Ministries, representatives from Ministries of Government of India and key stakeholders in the skilling ecosystem. There was a positive and overwhelming support for the Ministry’s initiatives and activities.

Other engagements with the States in 2015 include:

    ·January,2015 – MOU with Department of Technical Education and Training Govt of West Bengal and NSDC –Introducing Skill Based Training in Industrial Training Institutes.

·January,2015 –MOU with Kerala Academy for Skills Excellence and NSDC – a) Support the creation of the Indian Institute of Infrastructure and Construction (IIIC) with specific focus on migrants labourers b) Support formation of Centres for excellence in various sectors formed by KASE with Industrial Partners.

·March,2015 –MOU between Punjab Skill Development Mission and National Skill Development Corporation for Program Management unit Support.

·March, 2015 –MOU between Rajasthan Consultancy Organization and National Skill Development – Tie up for Skill Development Programmes.

·March,2015 – MOU between Himachal Consultancy Organisation ltd and National Skill Development Corporation – Tie up for Skill Development Programme.

·March,2015 –MOU between The Government of Jharkhand Skill Development Mission and National Skill Development Corporation – To improve Employability Skills of the youth undergoing Skill Development trainings in the state of Jharkhand . This will be achieved through joint collaboration Government of Jharkhand and NSDC by Implementing National Occupation Standards, Assessment and Certifications Mechanism developed by NSDC, capacity building of resources and infrastructure and coordination with Industry Association. 5 Lakh to be trained through NSDC Partners by 2019.

·AN RPL is being organised with MP State Govt funding in construction sector for 5000 people as a pilot wherein NSDC training Partner and SSC would implement. Signing of MoUs will be done in the month of April 2015.

·MOUs for skilling in School Education were signed with 2 state boards - Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.

·NSDA organized a study tour for officers from the North Eastern States, to update them on some of the skill development strategies being implemented in other Indian states.

3. Industry

January, 2015 – MOU was signed between Power Grid, NSDF and NSDC. PGCI will contribute Rs 6.52 Crores to the NSDF, and NSDC will implement a Project to provide skill training to 5000 young men and women in 33 locations in 26 States identified by PGCI.

In addition an MoU was signed on 14th January 2015 between Self-Employed Women's Association (SEWA) and NSDC to (i) provide skills training to 1,36,313 informal economy women workers in 4 priority sectors, in a span of 10 years, in the state of Gujarat and (ii) create access to finance for 96,157 informal economy women workers of Gujarat to procure skills and investment in livelihoods.

Collaborations with other PSUs such as NTPC and private sector companies have been initiated.


The Ministry has engaged actively with several countries with the purpose of technology transfer in skill training, training of trainers, setting up of model and centres of excellence. In addition, active collaboration is being sought in the area of creation of international mobility through mapping of job roles and development of transnational standards. Overall, the strategy for International framework focuses around implementing and adapting the best practices in skill development of respective countries systems in India. The following MoUs have been signed by the Ministry and/or its organizations recently.

Agency / Dept / Organization
Signed By
Expected Outcomes/Deliverables
United Kingdom
UK India Education & Research Initiative
Mar, 2015
1) Institutional capacity building of UK and Indian officials and institutions handling skills development

2) Sharing of technical expertise, building linkages and identification of gap in the areas of skill development, curriculum development and reform, benchmarking of assessment, accreditation models, and certification and training methods.

3) Sharing of best practices in approved areas including policies on skills development, credit framework designs, occupational standards and apprenticeship models.

4) Joint initiatives such as validation of National Occupational Standards and other initiatives on Sector Skill Council engagement through the National Skill development Corporation (NSDC) and UK Commission for Employment and Skills (UKCES)

5) Joint activities on teacher training and use of ICT, MOOCs and other digital initiatives.

6) Underpinning collaborative research or study to focus as decided on priority areas

7) Joint training on entrepreneurship development in approved areas.
Association of Colleges UK
Jan, 2014
Member colleges of AoC and NSDC Training Partners to collaborate in support in building training capacity, functional skill assessments, international benchmarking in certifications.
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills on behalf of the Government and the Devolved Administrations of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
DGT (then under Mole)
Nov, 2013
1) Institutional capacity building of UK and Indian official and institutes handling skill development and employment services

2) Sharing of technical expertise, building linkages and identification of gaps in the areas of skill development and employment services, improvement in curriculum, benchmarking of assessment, certification and training methods.

3) Supporting development of employment services in India on the lines of National Careers Service, UK.
UKCES (UK Commission on Employment and Skills)
Mar, 2011
UKIERI funding supports Indian and UK counterparts to jointly bid for projects primarily for execution in India related to Skill Development and/or SSC collaboration.

This Project aimed to support NSDC in establishing a network of Sector Skills Councils and their capacity building in India through a series of workshops. Aspects included promotion, contracting, funding, performance management, impact assessment, Standards and Qualifications, Qualification frameworks and supporting the incubation of two SSCs, in Agriculture and Media Sectors.
IMOVE (International marketing of Vocational Education under BiBB)
May, 2011
Knowledge transfer and fostering of private sector inititaives and collaboration in VET between Indian and German stakeholders (SSCs/Chambers, training providers, research institutions, corporations and other public and private entities)
Federal Ministry for Education and Research of Federal Republic of Germany
DGT (Then under Mole)
May, 2011
1) Creating Public Private Partnership (PPP) on pattern of German dual system.
2) German assistance in upgrading Vocational Training Institutions in India.
3) Training of Trainers (ToTs).
4) Sharing and development of competency standards.
5) Mutual recognition of qualifications.
6) Development of content and instructional material.
7) Strengthening Research & Development.
8) Assessing Labour Market demand and converting it into training modules.
TAFE SA and Heraud
Jan, 2015
A Global Standard Multi Skill Development Center to be setup by TAFE SA in partnership with Heraud Training & Education in Delhi NCR.
TAFE directors Australia
Nov, 2014
1) Joint cooperation in baseline curriculum support for targeted vocational education training
2) Reciprocal staff exchange and study tours to develop professional capability
3) Advanced teacher training programs for technical trainers and teachers
4) Joint symposium with senior NSDC and TDA Australian TAFE
Australian Council for Private Education & Training (ACPET)
Nov, 2014
Promote strategic partnerships between ACPET members, NSDC and NSDC Training partners
Department of Industry, Australia and now shifted to Department of Education
Sept, 2014
1) Developing transnational standards to strengthen skills mobility by making NOS transnational in 4 sectors (Auto, Healthcare, Telecom & IT) across 8 job roles.
 2) Capability building of TVET trainers and assessors in India
US community Colleges

Apr, 2015
3 loan proposals from:
• Houston Community College, Texas
• Lone Star Community College, Texas*
• Alamo Community College, Texas*
*MoU Underway – Work has started with colleges

Objective: To set up Academies of Excellence in India mainly in Capacity Building of the type and quality matching International Standards. Each entity is committing to create minimum 50,000 qualified skill Trainers & assessors in a period of 10 yrs.

Additionally, the objectives include developing expertise in areas of curriculum development, teaching and learning resources development, occupational standards, testing and certification etc.
US-India Business Council (USIBC)
Nov, 2014
To work with US companies to ensure that in a span of 3 years, they support 10 training centres that are expected to scale to reach a capacity of around 10,000 persons per year. Over a 10 year period these centres should be able to train 1,000,000 people.
The specified sectors are Life Sciences, Healthcare, Tourism, Hospitality, Automotive, Electronics, Heavy Equipment Manufacturing, FMCG, Aviation, BFSI, IT/ITES, Agriculture, Defense and Infrastructure.
Associate of Canadian Community Colleges
Feb, 2014
The following 3 categories of MOUs have been signed.

a. Community Colleges:
1. Seneca College – Non-Technical Aviation
2. Canadore – Technical Aviation
3. Fleming – Water
4. College of New Caledonia – Hydrocarbons
5. Algonquin – Construction
6. Southern Alberta Institute of Technology – Hydrocarbons
7. Bow Valley and Camosun College – Sports
8. Camosun College – Healthcare
9. Durham College – Agriculture and Automotive
10. Fanshawe – Apparel & Textile
b. CICan (Colleges & Institutes Canada - erstwhile Association of Community Colleges of Canada)
c. SSCs: Eco-Canada to assist Green Jobs SSC; ICTC-CTIC to assist IT, Telecom & Electronics SSCs

Community colleges - 10 loan proposals to set up Academies of Excellence in India of the type and quality matching International Standards. Each entity is committing to create min 50,000 qualified skill Trainers & Assessors in a period of 10 yrs.

Canadian SSCs - to jointly work with Indian SSCs on developing NOS & transnational standards to enhance the mobility of labour. The objectives also include curriculum development, teaching & learning resources development, testing & certification etc.
Ministry of Education, Singapore
Jul, 2012
1) Capability Development in Vocational Education & Skill Development(VE&SD).
2) Institute of Technical Education may help in the capability development of India’s VE and SD officials and staff.
3) Advisory Services: ITE may provide advisory services to enhance planning, management and delivery of VE and SD in India, including the setting up of vocational training institutes/ centres or schools.
European Union
European Commission
Jun, 2014
1. Enhanced capacity of the beneficiary institutions to apply and adopt a European best practice perspective as and where relevant, in work relating to skills development.
2. Substantial progress made in the development and maintenance of the national qualification framework for India, including the National Occupational coding
3. Labour market information systems and analysis practices enhanced at the national level and the state level on a pilot basis.
CNCP ( Commission Nationale de la Certification Professionnelle- CNCP)
Jan, 2015
Work out methods of cooperation in the area of qualifications register between India and France
TVTO ( Technical and Vocational Training Organisation)
Jul, 2014
Sharing of NOS & QP with training providers to support IT based training systems.
May, 2015
The main areas of cooperation in the MoU are establishment of sub-centres near the industrial park in Vadodara, advisory and knowledge sharing, development and designing of courses and curriculum, skill standards, qualification framework and competency standards, participation by business entities and industries from China and India, development of business models for skill development in PPP mode.

High targets and wasted funds: The problems with the Skill India programme

India’s goal of skilling 400 million people under the National Skills Development Programme 2015 is too large, unnecessary and unattainable, a government-appointed committee has found.

The previous goal of skilling 500 million people, set in 2009 under the National Policy on Skill Development, was also fixed without any basis, the report by the Committee for Rationalisation and Optimisation of the Functioning of the Sector Skill Councils, issued April 25 said. Sector Skill Councils are autonomous, industry-led, sector-specific skill builders that ensure skills training meets employer needs.

The government has missed its skills training targets for each except one of the last five years, official data shows.


Note: Information placed here in above is only for general perception. This may not reflect the latest status on law and may have changed in recent time. Please seek our professional opinion before applying the provision. Thanks.


  1. Certainly remarkable article allocated by you. Without a dooubt, this might turn out to be beneficial for a majority of blog readers. Moreover the way you allocated such anecdotes here is appreciated. Keep updating.
    English practice App | English speaking app

  2. Thanks for sharing nice post...

    Skill Development Mission by Skill Advisory provides skill development program under Sector Skill Council and DDUGKY. DDU GKY ERP offers the learners with professional skills and placement.

    Skill Development Program
    Skill Development Mission
    Skill India Mission
    Skill India Projects
    Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana
    National Skill Development Corporation

  3. Skill Development Mission by Skill Tech Guru provides skill development Project under Sector Skill Council Check the latest skill development project in india and promote your work pan india level.

    Skill Development Program
    Skill Development Mission
    Skill India Mission
    Skill development project
    Skill India Projects
    National Skill Development Corporation

  4. SKILL INDIA MISSION aims to train over 40 crore people in India in different skills by 2022. Check all hindi news about this topic.

    For more information visit here : Skill india mission

  5. Nice Blog…!! Thanks for sharing this article. If you want to be a best technician of Printer. Check out for Printer Repairing Institute In Delhi India .