Definition of Relinquishment Deed 

Relinquishment deed is a legal document/instrument where a legal heir gives up or releases his legal rights in an inherited parental property for another legal heir such as his mother, son, daughter, brother, sister, etc.

The term relinquishment refers to the abandoning and surrender of the rights, title, and interest, by one co-owner of property for the other co-owners. The consequences of relinquishment of one co-owner’s share in property are the enlargement of the shares of the other co-owners.

Essentials Elements of Relinquishment Deed :

1. Legal document: Relinquishment deed is a legal document. Through this legal document, an heir can transfer or release his legal right of the inherited property.

2. Consequences: The effects of such transfer of rights are the release of the share of one co-owner and the enlargement of the shares of the other co-owners.

3. Irrevocable: A release or relinquishment deed is irrevocable even if it made without any consideration. For a valid relinquishment, the property must be owned by more than one person.

4. Relinquishment cannot be done in favour of a 3rd person: Relinquishment of property can’t be made in favour of a person other than a co-owner. If a relinquishment is made in favour of a person who is not a co-owner, the transaction will be treated as a gift.

5. Must be in writing: The relinquishment of right in the case of immovable property needs to be done only through a written document called relinquishment deed which must be signed by all the parties and witnessed by at least two witnesses.

6. Must be registered: Relinquishment deed falls under Section 17 of the Registration Act, 1908 and hence, a release of rights in the immovable property must be registered. The registration takes place in the office of the sub-registrar within whose jurisdiction the property is situated.

7. Consideration: A relinquishment deed can be done with or without any consideration.

8. Easy process: A relinquishment deed can be made and registered in few days, and this process is not expensive.

Who can Relinquish Property?

The relinquishment of property can only be done by someone who has a share in the property. In case there is more than one owner in a property, either of the co-owners can do relinquishment. For a valid relinquishment, the essentials of a valid contract are to be followed other than the compensation.

Example : A died intestate leaving behind his three sons. A was the owner of a land which after his death was inherited by his three sons. Later, one of the son X shows his interest for not keeping any share in the said property for which he offered relinquishment. The relinquishment deed was made in favour of other two owners. The relinquishment deed transferred every right of X in the property to his brothers.

In whose name can a property be Relinquished?

The relinquishment of property can only be done in the name of a person who is co-owner or co-sharer in the property. Or in other words, relinquishment of property can not be done in the name of any third person other than the already existing co-owner. Hence, for a valid relinquishment, the person getting the relinquished property must be a legal heir.

A property can also be transferred to minors; such cases will be governed by the Indian Contract Act, 1872.

Example : A died intestate leaving behind his three sons. A’s property was equally shared by the sons. Later, one of the son X because of some personal reasons relinquished his property to Z (his friend) for consideration which is not a valid relinquishment. 

Registration of Relinquishment Deed

As a relinquishment deed is a legal document by which a person formally gives up his claim to another person, the said deed must be systematically executed and registered as per Section 17 of the Registration Act, 1908.

For the purpose of getting a relinquishment deed registered it is advised to consult a lawyer who can draft the deed for you, and in case you know the legal methodology and terminology you can do that on your own. Following steps are to be followed to get a relinquishment deed registered:

1. Preparation of Relinquishment Deed: A Relinquishment Deed is to be prepared on a stamp paper of Rs.100. Ensure that every detail of the relinquished property is mentioned in the deed.

2. Present the deed before Sub-Registrar of Assurances: Once the deed is prepared on a stamp paper, it is submitted before sub-registrar of assurances within whose jurisdiction the property is situated for registration along with a registration fee which varies from state to state, but it is somewhere between Rs. 100 – Rs. 250 in every state.

3. Witnesses and other formality: Signatures of two witnesses will be required to get a deed registered. Other documents such as passport size photos, identity proof (driving license, Adhar card, etc.) will be needed.

Format of Relinquishment Deed


This Deed of relinquishment is made and executed on this— day of —–, 2011 by —————–By Shri ________________S/o Shri ___________________ and Miss. ____________________ Daughter of Shri ___________________residents of _____________________________hereinafter called “the EXECUTANTS/RELEASORS:.


Mrs. ___________________W/o Shri _________________________resident of ________________________hereinafter called the “RELEASEE”.

WHEREAS the Shri. _________________________son of Shri. __________________resident of _________________________________,was the absolute owner of Entire Second Floor of Freehold Property bearing No. ______________ built on Plot No. _______, in Block No _____

Built on a plot of land measuring ___________, situated at __________________, by virtue of Gift Deed registered as document no. _________in Add____Book No____Vilume No. _____ on pages _____to_____ dated ___________, in the office of Sub-Registrar, New Delhi (hereinafter called the said portion of the said property)

AND WHEREAS the said Shri ______________________intestate died on ____________ (Death Certificate enclosed) leaving behind the following legal heirs:-

SL. No. Names Age Relationship Address




WHEREAS consequent upon the death of Shri ____________________________, 1/3rd share each in the ________________of Freehold property bearing No. _______, built on Plot No. ____

In Block No. ________, built on a plot of land measuring ___________, situated at ______________________ New Delhi, has devolved upon the above legal heirs.


Pursuant to their wish, as mentioned above, the Executants/Releasors out of natural love and affection and without any monetary consideration, hereby with to release and relinquish their ________share each in the__________ of Freehold property bearing No. __________ built on Plot no________, in Block No ________, built on a plot of land measuring _________, situated at _______________, in favour of Smt. __________________wife of Shri ___________as mentioned above, and hereby affirm and declare that they and their legal heirs shall have no claim, right, lien or interest in the entire _____________ of the aforesaid property and the same shall vest absolutely in the said Smt. ______________wife of Shri _________________, the Releases.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF , the Executants/Releasors and the Releasee have signed this Deed of Relinquishment on the day, month and year first mentioned above in the presence of the following witnesses:-

(——————) (——————-)









Relinquishment takes place when the person who is supposed to heir the property waves off his right by transferring it to someone else. A deed is just a binary contract with more complex collateral.

Deed of relinquishment will only be considered valid in following situations:

The person relinquishing the property must hold an interest in the property.
The property must be a joint Hindu family property (membership by birth) except the self – acquired property of the father (no membership right during the lifetime of father).

Relinquishment and NOC (No Objection Certificate):

The NOC (no objection certificate) only certifies that the person who is giving and signing the NOC does not have any objection if the concerned property is being transferred to any other person. However this is not the case in the Relinquishment deed, as it is a legal document in which a person gives up or releases his legal rights of the property in favor of some other person, who should not be a third party, he/she could be co-owner.

Difference between Relinquishment Deed and Gift Deed

Relinquishment Deed
Gift Deed

Relinquishment Deed is a deed by which one person releases or transfer his legal right to the property.
Gift Deed is a deed by which one person gifts his legal rights in the property to any person

The property relinquished is always an inherited property.
The property gifted need not to be inherited property.

The person in whose favour the property is relinquished must be the co-owner of the property.

The person in whose favour the property is gifted can be anyone.
Relinquishment may or may not require compensation. (something in return)

Gift does not require any compensation.


PG - 21122019

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